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Academic Speaking | Public Speaking | Stress (Linguistics)

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San Martin de Porres UNIVERSITY RESEARCHERS WORKSHOP FOR TEACHERS Academic oratory Prepared by Dr. Winston Orrillo FUNDAMENTALS OF A GOOD ORATORY 1 - Want to communicate something of the heart. If you want to open the hearts of others, you first open your heart (ancient p roverb) The key lies in the speech to say things we really want to say. And what we real ly mean is always linked to our feelings, values and convictions. 2 - Know the item can not be a good speaker, if you do not know the su
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San Martin de Porres UNIVERSITY RESEARCHERS WORKSHOP FOR TEACHERS Academic oratory Prepared by Dr. Winston Orrillo FUNDAMENTALS OF A GOOD ORATORY 1 - Want to communicate something of the heart. If you want to open the hearts of others, you first open your heart (ancient p roverb) The key lies in the speech to say things we really want to say. And what we real ly mean is always linked to our feelings, values and convictions. 2 - Know the item can not be a good speaker, if you do not know the subject by l ecturing. The well-spoken words, gestures methodically studied, very calculated gesture, intonation, pauses and diction cause rhythmically balanced better impre ssion than the words spouted the ungainly poses, and a voice without rhythm and without grace. Speaker s attitude He, by simply delivering a speech in which he develops a theme, is putting the n oble profession of instructing. The social function is to instruct all education al communities educational speeches. The real speaker addresses a heterogeneous audience, not just one group of people who belong to the same level, but is able to talk to a complex group of different kinds of people: men, women, youth, stu dents, workers, employees, professionals, rich, poor, politicians, citizens, bur eaucrats and aristocrats. TECHNICAL Oratory The bottom line is our style, which fits our personalities. The technique is su bject to our personal seal and inner freedom. No doubt. Do not say I believe ... . Worse still in my humble opinion ... . No tice how emphatic is the discourse of political or commercial advertising. Nor s hould we exaggerate, as this may give one the impression of pedantry. The management speaking requires a height of language. When does the audience, p ersuaded by the speaker, to assimilate the message, we say that in front of a wo rd artist management, which involves a response to the ideas and emotions propos al for discussion. The speech requires constant practice, unification of physica l and mental activity. Respect for the rules in the correct use of language should not be lost sight of in the course of the utterance. Among the major speakers referred to the histor y we must remember, first, to Demosthenes, the father of oratory. Also, Peruvian s notables as: Antenor Orrego, Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, Jorge Basadre, Raul Porras, among many others. Focus towards the audience. Sympathize with people. Think about the needs of the people. It is not appropriate to say things that are not interested, although I like to me. Educate your voice. Be slow and serious, with funeral, fast, sharp and lively, in the epic. Not verbal pyrotechnics or arms that make a fuss. Public speaking is linguistic work, a matter of words , as stressed by Luis Jaime Cisneros. The gestures that we use natural arising of our temperament.  Relying on notes? Depends. In a toast should not be friendly. But to speak at a lecture. Do not make speeches from memory. The recitation sound produces the se nsation of something starchy, stiff. The report looks back to the past. Instead, the speech must look forward, receive the propulsion of a living thing, which f lows without looking back. PRONUNCIATION Correct pronunciation Implies that of words. It involves 1) articulate with the appropriate sounds 2) Deliver more intensely the corresponding syllable. Why is it important? The correct pronunciation gives dignity to the message you speak and makes the l istener focus attention on this, not the errors of diction. WAYS TO IMPROVE Many people do not realize pronunciation is somewhat deficient. of that its First, when preparing to deliver a presentation to an audience, look closely athow they are written the words. If you are not sure which is the stressed syllab le of a word, see the rules of accentuation. Read aloud several times in the ter ms offered difficulties. In some languages it is useful to look in the dictionar y pronunciation of unfamiliar words. Second, read to someone who say clearly and ask to be corrected. A third way to improve the pronunciation is to listen carefully to those who have good diction. Over time, eliminating the pronunciations will be incorrect, which will signifi cantly improve your speaking. FLUENCY Involves reading and talking about so that words and ideas sprout easily and nat urally.€The person who stutters is not fluent nor pronounce words with a painful ly slow. Nor stumbles or hesitates in pronunciation, as if not knowing what to s ay. WHY IT IS IMPORTANT? If it is not spoken fluently, the audience tends to get distracted. In addition, the risk of transmitting misconceptions and that the message is not convincing. When speeches, does it often happens that you do not find the right words? In t his case, you may have problems of fluency. For your speech is smooth, the words and thoughts should break out easily, which does not mean, however, need to tal k incessantly, too fast, without thinking. His way of expression has to be pleas ant and harmonious. The lack of fluidity The lack of fluency may be due to several factors. Do you need to devote attenti on to one of the following? The lack of words, which causes hesitation.     The profusion of short pauses that intersect the language. The lack of preparati on. Exposure messy ideas. A limited vocabulary, which causes hesitation in tryin g to find the precise term. Emphasize too many words. Ignorance of the rules of grammar.   FACTORS TO BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT The rules governing the pronunciation vary from one language to another. Many la nguages are represented graphically by means of letters of an alphabet. However, the words borrowed from foreign languages often maintain a similar pronunciatio n to the srcinal. Hence some letters or letter combinations are pronounced more than one way and sometimes not even pronounce. Moreover, in some languages the meaning of the word varies according to the tone , if not taken into account this factor, it can pass a misconception. If the wri tten form of words of a language is divisible into syllables, it is important to pronounce with greater intensity accordingly. In many of these languages, the p osition of the stressed syllable, ie the syllable with the strongest voice, is r elatively fixed, and sometimes exceptions are indicated with an accent. HOW TO START AN ADDRESS NO Telling jokes. Some try to break the ice by telling a joke that provokes laughter and sympathy of the people. But in truth, is a source of risk. There is no bigger fool to te ll a joke and nobody laughs. not give excuses. Sometimes we look at some people to speak with this sentence: I want you to apo logize for errors in what I say because, etc., Etc.. Feo. Very ugly. Produce di sappointment having to listen to someone who anticipates weaknesses. It is also a lack of respect has not been well prepared. No long introductions. Some speakers are so long a preface that the time remaining for the body of the speech is short. The final sensation is of a disproportionate use of time. HOW TO START A SPEECH Narrating an anecdote or case People like listening to narratives, stories, tales, gossip. It is not appropria te to start with a generalization. It must proceed in reverse. A famous quote. Karl Marx said in his time religion is the opium of the people. Well, I want t o say that in this century, which dominates the drug, opium threatens to become the people's religion NO END HOW A SPEECH  Well, that's all I wanted to tell. It is redundant, ugly. There need be said, if just going to end. Abruptly. He feels cut off by the lack of a final touch of style. It's like going abruptly from a conversation without even saying goodbye. Destructively. A speech that ends with a hopeful tone tends to leave a bitter taste in people. It is appropriate to leave a message constructive, that is the subject black. HOW TO ADDRESS AN END With humor   Dating With poetry literary, philosophical, political or biblic al
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