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Academic Text | Alcoholism | Alcohol Abuse

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   Academic Text (Thesis Statement) Effects of alcohol on the human body Essay     1. Introduction  Humanity has always yielded to the pressure of different chemical substances that eventually caused it irreparable damage. Finding the “cure” from the damage obtained was the next step. And it seemsthat only now, when the number of the diseases caused by different substances has reached its peak, people have finally understood that the best “cure” is the prevention of any forms of substance abuse.   Alcohol is n ot the last one in the list of these destructive substances. It is the “companion” of any significant event occurring in the life of modern people or even an everyday way to relax and getaway from all the difficulties. People relax and forget that they are supposed to think not only abouttheir health but also about the health of the people around them. This especially concerns women, as they are the ones to deliver the next generation into the world. A woman’s organism is a lot more influenced by any exte rnal chemical influences and alcohol becoming woman’s frequent “companion”  becomes a real threat for the health of the nation.The contemporary medical world is very much concerned with the female alcohol abuse phenomenonand the appearance of a group of inclinations that both female and male abusers experience. Alcoholabuse is the giant problem, which needs to be fixed desperately. It is very important to understand itsnature and the possible effects that it can make to the human body. 2. Alcohol abuse and possible outcomes   The “disabilities” caused by alcohol last a lifetime and therefore completely change the life of any person and those people who will take care of him. Some people start being exposed to alcohol duringtheir fetal development and therefore suffer throughout their whole lives sometimes not even having a small hope to find their places in the world and not being even “comparatively” independent. They cannot concentrate, talk too much and are not capable of making proper decisions. Such people arecompletely helpless and unprotected. The outcomes of alcohol abuse for the body are severe. Alcohol or sometimes called ethanol is a volatile liquid can easily burn oxidizes and is composed of oxygen, hydrogen and carbon, having the formula of C2H5OH. Alcohol influenced the whole humanbody, even including the central nervous system and the brain of a man. After the process of drinking alcohol people start feeling pleasure and more open to the outer world.Nevertheless, even though the person feels comfortable and more self-confident the most dangerousthing is often forgotten  –   alcohol’s side effects. If a person drinks large amounts of alcohol in a verysmall period of time it may result in the person’s brain being suppressed by the chemicals and lead toa fatality. If the amount of alcohol in a human body is exceeding a person can die in his sleep,because the body will not have enough resources to cope with the suppression. It is also extremelydangerous to combine alcohol with other chemical substances. 3. Changes in the human organism  The changes that occur in the human organism for the reason of alcohol abuse are terrible. The wholebody is damaged and the person stops being able to either move and think properly.The effect of alcohol thr oughout the period of human’s life is immense and even the lesser amount of  alcohol may cause some changes. These destructive processes, which occur inside the organism, cause irreparable damage that it made on the genetic level. Even “social drinking” cau ses changes inintellectual and behavior activity of children [2]. Heavy abuse, causing disorders has nowadays  become unbelievably widespread. All this changes throughout the period the development of thealcohol dependency cause mental disabilities and severe changes in the human body. 3.a. Physical changes   Very often it is said that alcohol heavy drinkers look the same. This happens because in the first placeall of them experience problems with their skin. As the vessels of the skin widen, the blood flow to the person’s face become more intensive. This is the reason people who drink alcohol have a flushed skin color and constantly feel that they are hot. Alcohol also often causes serious weight problem. As a fact, alcohol prevents people from consuming healthy food on a regular basis and it directinfluences the heart of a drinker. This is one of the primary reasons why people who prefer to drink alcohol can experience a heart failure. Another part of the body that is directly damaged by alcohol isthe liv er. This is primarily due to the fact that it is liver that works the most to “clean” the organism from the chemicals in alcohol. When alcohol get to the blood of a person rather often, the blood in itsturn damages the process of functioning of the liver cells and some of them start dying. The majorityof people do not keep in mind the fact that even a one-time alcohol abuse makes the liver cells die,but it is the body of the person, who is not an alcohol heavy drinker, still has time to recuperate fromthe damage. In case the person drinks alcohol on a regular base the liver becomes weaker andweaker from day to day.One other important physical sphere that is seriously damaged is the reproductive system of a humanbody. The reason of this type of dysfunction is that alcohol deprives the impulses that the nervespass, and especially those that cause ability to erect, as for men. Women alcohol abuse it on of thefirst to be prevented as the fetus changes negatively and a lot of disabled children are born into to theworld. Females metabolize alcohol very quickly and this is the primary cause of their necessity toabstain from alcohol. The fetus is already in high danger of obtaining FAS if the pregnant femaleconsumes around 3 ounces of pure alcohol per day1[1]. Alcohol does not need to make much efforts to cross the placenta and therefore to enter the fetus’s organism. Alcohol may cause spasm of    placenta vessels and the umbilical cord. This leads to the oxygen “starvation” of the fetus. As the amount of zinc in the cells is rapidly reduced their growth and development is damaged. Through these effects alcohol causes changes called “mutations” in the DNA of the fetus cells. In its turn, themutation of DNA in the fetus cells leads to pathologies of the development of different organs andtissues [6].  Alcohol also influences the person’s ability to perceive sounds and the direction they are coming o utfrom. The taste and smell are lost and the speech becomes unclear. As alcohol constantly burns thethroat of the drinker in may result in severe pain, vomiting and even cancer. The body itself startsbeing very weak, the muscles suffer from atrophy, pain and spasms. 3.b. Mental changes  If a person constantly abuses alcohol it will eventually lead to a set of permanent transformations inthe brain morphology. One of the most significant transformations concerns the reduction of the totalamount of brain tissue and the growing size of the ventricles. The basic reason the body stops beingable to produce brain tissue to cope with the chemical is because it lacks natural vitamins that ahealthy body produces. Another reason because the body is deprived of vitamins is that alcoholabusers often experience a problem of systematic eating and do not consume food at the requiredtime, making the body weak and unable to resist the alcohol effects. As the brain of a person underalcohol dependency does not have enough vitamins it turns out to be the first step to the beginning of mental retardation.What happens to a person is that he completely losses the ability to control his behavior, his judgments become illogical and his ability to concentrate decreases tremendously. It is common fact that alcohol very often is a “companion” of crimes for the listed reason, as the inability to control the behavior results in extreme mood swings and emotional outbursts.   Alcohol does not let the brain properly control the manifestations of the body, as the central nervoussystem becomes damaged through the depression of the nerve cells in the brain. The cells cannotrespond to the impulses and a group of body function failures appear: anesthesia, respiratory failure,coma and death. As alcohol destroys the central nervous system the drinker experiences impaired visual abilities, loss of pain perception, slow reactions, impaired motor skills, altered perception of time and space and manyothers. 4. Conclusion  The consumption of alcohol beverages has strongly entered the tradition of celebration any significantevents in the life of people. Anybody can hardly imagine celebrating Christmas or a birthday without agulp of champagne. Seemingly, there is nothing bad in that and nothing bad can happen after a gulp of champagne or a gulp during a routine “social drinking”. But the reality is cruel… Therefore even small doses of alcohol can do harm to a the human body. Most people do not understand theconsequences alcohol abuse can have of their health nevertheless the abuse occurs primarily becausepeople do not know the destructive power of alcohol. The consequences of the alcohol abuse do notdecrease with time, though specific manifestations change when doses of drinking become smaller.These factors prevent people from proper social adaptation and therefore make their life incomplete.Social impracticability of people suffering from the alcohol abuse is one of major problems of thecontemporary medical society. And the only way to solve this problem is to prevent people fromdrinking alcohol in any amounts. There is no cure a better than alcohol abstention!    Narrative Essay     Pacific Northwest Forest Industry Essay   “…The Final Forest eloquently captures the essence of the   cultural clash that is so deeply rooted in timber issues     David Thorud   1. Introduction   William Dietrich’s book “The Final Forest: The Battle for the Last Great Trees of the Pacific Northwest”  has highly influenced the mind of people who have read it. It is enough to say that it is used even asa high school and undergraduate textbook, which teaches the young population of the country to beaware of the enviroment. It particularly concerns the territory of the Pacific Northwest and itsenvironmental, forestry, sociology and political science issues. The book was recognized by the PacificNorthwest Booksellers Association and received its award along with the Washington Governor Writer’s award. The book reveals the situation that the Pacific Northwest has fou nd it self in, when allthe natural resources that are so actively exploited by people and bring them good are in actualdanger. The Seattle Times journalist William Dietrich made an outstanding job in analyzing this controversial problem and people’s opin ion regarding it. The future of the forests is in danger, whichmeans that in the long run humanity is in danger, too. The old-growth forests are mercilessly cut andgo as an excellent quality timber. William Dietrich synthesizes the opinions of different people such asloggers, scientists, and environmentalists who are related to issues like forest cutting anddisappearance of salmon and make the reader decide what his own opinion will be. Both of the sides:people and nature are examined and sympathized but implies that if people do not find a compromisethe Pacific Northwest enviroment will be gradually completely exhausted. 2. Tradition and enviroment  The importance of the Pacific Northwest ecosystem according to William Dietrich has been reducedwhich literally lead to the crisis of the ecosystem. The threat of disappearance of separate elements of  the ecosystem is shown as the result the “deforestation”. Nowadays, tradition logging is suffering asthe result “not only of deforestation but of automation, globalization and new scientific information about ecosystem importance”. Traditionally, people used to do their jobs, cut forests, fish for salmonwithout even and sincerely thought that the reserve of these “natural gifts” is inexhaustible. Thousand of people worked their whole lives providing salmon and timber for the state in particular and thecountry in general. The author of the “Final Forest” leads the reader to a logging community onWashington’s Olympic Peninsula. “The self  - proclaimed “Logging Capital of the World”, Forks is… just aplain little timber community with about 3,000 people… and a chewed up forest where conifers growback like weeds”[26]. People living there deeply suffer the fight that has been unfolded around the ancient Northwest trees. These trees mean a lot to the people living in Forks. It is their bread, their job that they have been doing for a very long time. If they drop cutting the trees they will havenothing else to do and this will kill their little town and these people. The author shows both the meaning of the forest to people as a source of “their bread” and views the Pacific Northwest forest asthe last nation’s great forest, which should be preserved.   3. Forest and salmon  Life in Forks for loggers starts at 6 a.m., when they are already gathered and ready to work. Thesepeople are surrounded by slogans that only outline the importance of what they are doing: Thiscommunity supports timber, timber supports this community [26]. People seem exhausted and tiredof the fights around the forests, which environmentalists are carrying out. For these people forest is a  “gift of nature” which they use and get paid, owing to which their children are raised and educated. For these people the fight around the forests is senseless a nd groundless. “It is as if there isn't already a huge damn Olympic National Park a few ridges away, locking up whole valleys of treesforever. It is as if out here, in this worked- over country, there is really that much to fight over”  -theythink [28]. The irony of these people is not just because they think it is senseless it is just they think itis too late to start this fight now, after so many years of forest-cutting and profit gaining from it.
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