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Academic Word List | Linguistics | Cognition

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ACADEMIC WORD LIST The Academic Word List (AWL) was developed by Averil Coxhead at the School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. The list contains 570 word families which were selected because they appear with great frequency in a broad range of academic texts. The list does not include words that are in the most frequent 2000 words of English (the General Service List), thus making it specific to academic contexts. The AWL was primaril
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  http://simple.wiktionary.org/wiki/Wiktionary:Academic_word_list ACADEMIC WORD LIST The Academic Word List (AWL) was developed by Averil Coxhead at the School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies atVictoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. The list contains 570 word families which were selected because they appearwith great frequency in a broad range of academic texts. The list does not include words that are in the most frequent 2000words of English (the General Service List), thus making it specific to academic contexts. The AWL was primarily made so that itcould be used by teachers as part of a programme preparing learners for tertiary level study or used by students working aloneto learn the words most needed to study at colleges and universities.The 570 words are divided into 10 sublists. The sublists are ordered such that the words in the first sublist are the most frequentwords and those in the last sublist are the least frequent.SUBLIST 1 sector ã available ã financial ã process ã individual ã specific ã principle ã estimate ã variables ã method ã data ã research ãcontract ã environment ã export ã source ã assessment ã policy ã identified ã create ã derived ã factors ã procedure ã defini tion ã assume ã theory ã benefit ã evidence ã established ã authority ã major ã issues ã labour ã occur ã economic ã involved ãpercent ã interpretation ã consistent ã income ã structure ã legal ã concept ã formula ã section ã required ã constitutional ãanalysis ã distribution ã function ã area ã approach ã role ã legislation ã indicate ã response ã period ã context ã significant ãsimilar ã  SUBLIST 2 community ã resident ã range ã construction ã strategies ã elements ã previous ã conclusion ã security ã aspects ã acquisition ãfeatures ã text ã commission ã regulations ã computer ã items ã consumer ã achieve ã final ã positive ã evaluation ã assistance ãnormal ã relevant ã distinction ã region ã traditional ã impact ã consequences ã chapter ã equation ã appropriate ã resources   ãparticipation ã survey ã potential ã cultural ã transfer ã select ã credit ã affect ã categories ã perceived ã sought ã focus ãpurchase ã injury ã site ã journal ã primary ã complex ã institute ã investment ã administration ã maintenance ã design ãobtained ã restricted ã conduct ã  SUBLIST 3 comments ã convention ã published ã framework ã implies ã negative ã dominant ã illustrated ã outcomes ã constant ã shift ãdeduction ã ensure ã specified ã justification ã funds ã reliance ã physical ã partnership ã location ã link ã coordination ã   alternative ã initial ã validity ã task ã techniques ã excluded ã consent ã proportion ã demonstrate ã reaction ã criteria ãminorities ã technology ã philosophy ã removed ã sex ã compensation ã sequence ã corresponding ã maximum ã circumstancesã instance ã considerable ã sufficient ã corporate ã interaction ã contribution ã immigration ã component ã constraints ãtechnical ã emphasis ã scheme ã layer ã volume ã document ã registered ã core ã    http://simple.wiktionary.org/wiki/Wiktionary:Academic_word_listSUBLIST 4 overall ã emerged ã regime ã implementation ã project ã hence ã occupational ã internal ã goals ã retained ã sum ã integrationã mechanism ã parallel ã imposed ã despite ã job ã parameters ã approximate ã label ã concentration ã principal ã series ãpredicted ã summary ã attitudes ã undertaken ã cycle ã communication ã ethnic ã hypothesis ã professional ã   status ãconference ã attributed ã annual ã obvious ã error ã implications ã apparent ã commitment ã subsequent ã debate ãdimensions ã promote ã statistics ã option ã domestic ã output ã access ã code ã investigation ã phase ã prior ã granted ã st ress ã civil ã contrast ã resolution ã adequate ã  SUBLIST 5 alter ã stability ã energy ã aware ã licence ã enforcement ã draft ã styles ã precise ã medical ã pursue ã symbolic ã marginal ãcapacity ã generation ã exposure ã decline ã academic ã modified ã external ã psychology ã fundamental ã adjustment ã ratio ãwhereas ã enable ã version ã perspective ã contact ã network ã facilitate ã welfare ã transition ã amendment ã logic ã rejected ãexpansion ã clause ã prime ã target ã objective ã sustainable ã equivalent   ã liberal ã notion ã substitution ã generated ã trend ãrevenue ã compounds ã evolution ã conflict ã image ã discretion ã entities ã orientation ã consultation ã mental ã monitoring   ãchallenge ã  SUBLIST 6 intelligence ã transformation ã presumption ã acknowledged ã utility ã furthermore ã accurate ã diversity ã attached ã recoveryã assigned ã tapes ã motivation ã bond ã edition ã nevertheless ã transport ã cited ã fees ã scope ã enhanced ã incorporated ãinstructions ã subsidiary ã input ã abstract ã ministry ã capable ã expert ã preceding ã display ã incentive ã inhibition ã trace ãignored ã incidence ã estate ã cooperative ã revealed ã index ã lecture ã discrimination ã overseas ã explicit ã aggregate ãgender ã underlying ã brief ã domain ã rational ã   minimum ã interval ã neutral ã migration ã flexibility ã federal ã author ãinitiatives ã allocation ã exceed ã  SUBLIST 7 intervention ã confirmed ã definite ã classical ã chemical ã voluntary ã release ã visible ã finite ã publication ã channel ã   file ãthesis ã equipment ã disposal ã solely ã deny ã identical ã submitted ã grade ã phenomenon ã paradigm ã ultimately ã extract ãsurvive ã converted ã transmission ã global ã inferred ã guarantee ã advocate ã dynamic ã simulation ã topic ã insert ã reverse ã   decades ã comprise ã hierarchical ã unique ã comprehensive ã couple ã mode ã differentiation ã eliminate ã priority ã empiric al ã ideology ã somewhat ã aid ã foundation ã adults ã adaptation ã quotation ã contrary ã media ã successive ã innovation ã prohi bited ã isolated ã    http://simple.wiktionary.org/wiki/Wiktionary:Academic_word_listSUBLIST 8 highlighted ã eventually ã inspection ã termination ã displacement ã arbitrary ã reinforced ã denote ã offset ã exploitation ãdetected ã abandon ã random ã revision ã virtually ã uniform ã predominantly ã thereby ã implicit ã tension ã ambiguous ãvehicle ã clarity ã conformity ã contemporary ã automatically ã accumulation ã appendix ã widespread ã infrastructure ãdeviation ã fluctuations ã restore ã guidelines ã commodity ã minimises ã practitioners ã radical ã plus ã visual ã chart ãappreciation ã prospect ã dramatic ã contradiction ã currency ã inevitably ã complement ã accompany ã paragraph ã induced ãschedule ã intensity ã crucial ã via ã exhibit ã bias ã manipulation ã theme ã nuclear ã  SUBLIST 9 bulk ã behalf ã unified   ã commenced ã erosion ã anticipated ã minimal ã ceases ã vision ã mutual ã norms ã intermediate ãmanual ã supplementary ã incompatible ã concurrent ã ethical ã preliminary ã integral ã conversely ã relaxed ã confined ãaccommodation ã temporary ã distorted ã passive ã subordinate ã analogous ã military ã scenario ã revolution ã diminished ãcoherence ã suspended ã mature ã assurance ã rigid ã controversy ã sphere ã mediation ã format ã trigger ã qualitative ãportion ã medium ã coincide ã violation ã device ã insights ã refine ã devoted ã team ã overlap ã attained ã restraints ã inherentã route ã protocol ã founded ã duration ã  SUBLIST 10 whereby ã inclination ã encountered ã convinced ã assembly ã albeit ã enormous ã reluctant ã posed ã persistent ã undergo ãnotwithstanding ã straightforward ã panel ã odd ã intrinsic ã compiled ã adjacent ã integrity ã forthcoming ã conceived ãongoing ã so - called ã likewise ã nonetheless ã levy ã invoked ã colleagues ã depression ã collapse ã   Tasks:1.   Find as many synonyms and antonyms for as many words as you can.2.   Discover any affixes.3.   Use your dictionary to find the definition of any words which you don’ t know.4.   Know how to pronounce the words, again use a dictionary. Find out which syllable is stressed.5.   Find out the type of word (verb, (abstract) noun, adjective, etc) and discover other types of words in its family(e.g. termination (n), terminate (v), terminally (adv.) and terminal (adj.))6.   Try to think about using these words in sentences (A web concordance will help you if you get stuck:http://www.edict.com.hk/scripts/cgi-bin/Wwwconcgram.exe  or search for “Web Concordancer” in google)  
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