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Comercio no presencial de oro y escalas en islas de fenicios y cartagineses en la costa atlántica norteafricana [Gold Silent Trade and Calls at Islands by Phoenicians and Carthaginians in North African Atlantic Coast]

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According to Herodotus, ca. 450-430 BC, Carthaginian voyages were made in the Atlantic after the Periplus of Pharaoh Necho II, 610-595 BC Moreover, Heraclides of Pontus reports that a Magon performed an African Atlantic voyage during the tyranny of
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  CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHEISIUO DI SUDI SUL MEDIERRANEO ANICO RIVISA DI SUDI FENICI FONDAA DA SABAINO MOSCAI  XLIII-2015 ROMA EDIZIONI QUASAR   Rivista annualefondata da Sabatino Moscati* Direttore responsabile / Editor in chief   I󰁤󰁡 O󰁧󰁧󰁩󰁡󰁮󰁯* Comitato scientifico / Advisory Board   A󰁮󰁡 M󰁡󰁲󰁧󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁤󰁡 A󰁲󰁲󰁵󰁤󰁡, B󰁡󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁴󰁥 B󰁥󰁣󰁨󰁴󰁯󰁬󰁤, C󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁮󰁥 B󰁯󰁮󰁮󰁥󰁴,  J󰁯󰁳󰃩 L󰁵󰁩󰁳 L󰃳󰁰󰁥󰁺 C󰁡󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁯, F󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁯 N󰁵󰃱󰁥󰁺 C󰁡󰁬󰁶󰁯, R󰁯󰁡󰁬󰁤 D󰁯󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁲,  A󰁹󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁴 G󰁩󰁬󰁢󰁯󰁡, I󰁭󰁥󰁤 B󰁥󰁮 J󰁥󰁲󰁢󰁡󰁮󰁩󰁡, A󰁮󰁴󰁯󰁮󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁡 M󰁥󰁺󰁺󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁩,  A󰁬󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁡󰁮󰁤󰁲󰁯 N󰁡󰁳󰁯, S󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩󰁯 R󰁩󰁢󰁩󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁩, H󰃩󰁬󰃨󰁮󰁥 S󰁡󰁤󰁥󰁲, P󰁥󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁶󰁡󰁮 D󰁯󰁭󰁭󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁮, N󰁩󰁣󰁨󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁳 V󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁡, J󰁯󰁳󰃩 Á󰁮󰁧󰁥󰁬 Z󰁡󰁭󰁯󰁲󰁡 L󰃳󰁰󰁥󰁺* Redazione scientifica / Editorial Board  G󰁩󰁯󰁲󰁧󰁯󰁳 B󰁵󰁯󰁲󰁯󰁧󰁩󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁩󰁳, M󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁡 C󰁡󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁧󰁬󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁥, A󰁮󰁤󰁲󰁥󰁡 E󰁲󰁣󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁩, G󰁩󰁵󰁳󰁥󰁰󰁰󰁥 G󰁡󰁲󰁢󰁡󰁴󰁩, 󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮󰁡 P󰁥󰁤󰁲󰁡󰁺󰁺󰁩, F󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁯 P󰁯󰁲󰁺󰁩󰁡   Assistente per la grafica / Graphic Assistant  :   L󰁡󰁵󰁲󰁡 A󰁴󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁡󰁮󰁩 Segretaria di Redazione / Editorial Assistant  : G󰁩󰁯󰁲󰁧󰁩󰁡 R󰁵󰁢󰁥󰁲󰁡 * Cura editoriale del presente volume   A󰁮󰁤󰁲󰁥󰁡 E󰁲󰁣󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁩* Sede della Redazione / Editorial Office Corrispondenza / Letters: Redazione Rivista di Studi Fenici  CNR – Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo Antico Area della Ricerca di Roma 1Via Salaria km 29,300, Casella postale 1000015 Monterotondo Stazione (Roma) Posta elettronica/ e-mail  : redazione.rstfen@isma.cnr.it Sito internet/ Website  : http://www.rstfen.isma.cnr.it/* Stampa e distribuzione / Printing and distribution Edizioni Quasar di Severino ognon s.r.l.Via Ajaccio 41-43 – 00198 Roma el. +39 0685358444, Fax + 39 0685833591email: info@edizioniquasar.itwww.edizioniquasar.it*Te «Rivista di Studi Fenici» is an International Peer Reviewed Journal ANVUR: A   Nel quadro di un progetto di alternanza scuola-lavoro promosso dall’ISMA per l’a.s. 2016-2017 dal titolo “I risultati della ricerca: le pubblicazioni scientifiche d’area umanistica”,alla revisione del testo del presente volume hanno collaborato Giulia Bracchetti, Flavia D’Auria, Davide Mancini, Francesco Muti, studenti del Liceo classico statale ˝F. Vivona˝ di Roma. © Copyright 2017 by C󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁧󰁬󰁩󰁯 N󰁡󰁺󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁥 R󰁩󰁣󰁥󰁲󰁣󰁨󰁥 Autorizzazione del ribunale di Roma n.218 in data 31 maggio 2005 e n. 14468 in data 23 marzo 1972ISSN 0390-3877  - eISSN 1724-1855 ISBN 978-88-7140-783-8  - eISBN 978-88-7140-779-1 Finito di stampare nel mese di Aprile 2017 presso GlobalPrint - Gorgonzola (MI)  󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁫 A󰁨󰁭󰁡󰁤, Il santuario rurale nella Siria-Fenicia e il suo sviluppo in epoca romana  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7G󰁩󰁵󰁳󰁥󰁰󰁰󰁥 M󰁩󰁮󰁵󰁮󰁮󰁯, Talete: un fenicio tra Oriente e Occidente? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25F󰁡󰁢󰁲󰁩󰁺󰁩󰁯 M󰁯󰁬󰁬󰁯, Note sulla presenza di anfore fenicie e puniche e di tradizione punica nella Lucania e nel Bruzio tirrenici . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39M󰁡󰁲󰁴󰃭󰁮 A󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁯-G󰁯󰁲󰁢󰁥󰁡, A󰁬󰁢󰁥󰁲󰁴󰁯 J. L󰁯󰁲󰁲󰁩󰁯, Nuevas joyas feno-púnicas de Villaricos . . . . . . . . . . . . 67I󰁳󰁩󰁤󰁲󰁯 M󰁡󰁲󰁴󰃭󰁮󰁥󰁺 M󰁩󰁲󰁡, E󰁤󰁵󰁡󰁲󰁤󰁯 V󰁩󰁬󰁡󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡 O󰁲󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁯,  Anexo I: análisis instrumental de algunas joyas de Villaricos   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 A󰁬󰁦󰁲󰁥󰁤󰁯 M󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁯󰁳 M󰁡󰁲󰁴󰃭󰁮, G󰁡󰁢󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁬 E󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁢󰁡󰁮󰁯 C󰁯󰁢󰁯, Comercio no presencial de oro y escalas en islas de  fenicios y cartagineses en la costa atlántica norteafricana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103E󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁡 󰁤󰁥 S󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁡,  Alcune considerazioni sulla tarda Età del Ferro nella costa atlantica occidentale   . . . . . . . . . 145󰁮󰁯󰁴󰁥 󰁥 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁩P󰁩󰁥󰁲󰁯 B󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁮󰁩, Studi sul tofet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁩 󰁥 󰁳󰁣󰁨󰁥󰁤󰁥L. P󰁯󰁭󰁡, Terrecotte femminili “con colomba”. Diffusione dell’iconografia nel mondo fenicio-punico. Gli esem- plari selinuntini del Museo “A. Pepoli” di Trapani  , Roma 2013 (Giuseppe Garbati) . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 J. E󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁩 – A.G. E󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁩, Phoenician Coinages  , Pendé 2014 (Lorenza-Ilia Manfredi). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171M. M󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁮, Du sémitique en grec  , Paris 2013 (Federico Mazza) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 INDICE   Abstract:  According to Herodotus, ca. 450-430 BC, Carthaginian voyages were made in the Atlantic Sea after the Periplus of Pharaoh Necho II (610-595 BC), during the 6 th  and 5 th  century BC. Moreover, Heraclides of Pontus reports that a Magon performed an African Atlantic voyage during the tyranny of Gelo (491-478 BC). Tese Carthaginian  Atlantic voyages access to the silent trade of gold, essential for the payment of the Carthaginian army, composed of mercenaries from Iberia, Gaul and Italy, as the army which attacked Sicily in 480 BC. Gold dust had to be transported to a predetermined point of the coast, which required that gold was available when boats arrived and imposed minimal contacts regularly, at least once a year and around the summer, the best period for sailing. ransport to the coast was made in light chariots by the Ethiopian Pharusians, located in the Periplus of Polybius before Ethiopian Daratites and Draa River, so we must search the place of exchange in rivers as amri, Sous, Massa or Assaka. Te best two sites were the peninsula or the small island of the Devil’s Rock Beach, next to amraght, and the fountain of Agadir. In the last quarter of the 6 th  century BC, ca. 525-510 BC, there was the abandonment of regular attendance to the former island of Mogador, transformed in a peninsula, and simultaneously Buenavista (Lanzarote) was occupied for the first time at ca. 536-520 BC, and presumably also the island of Fuerteventura. In this semi-desert African coast, with water and food shortages, the Geryoneis   of Stesichorus of Himera (ca    600-550 BC) mention an island with «solid gold mansions» and Peri apistôn  of Palaephatus, ca. 350-325 BC, links the Atlantic gold trading with three islands, the two largest sep-arated by a strait, like the islands of Lanzarote and Fuerteventura. Tese calls led to the discovery of Gran Canaria, just a day at sea, an island rich in rivers, fountains and vegetation, excellent for a permanent settlement. It is possible that it was the island mentioned in Perì thaumasíōn akousmátōn  of Pseudo-Aristotle, ca. 310-250 BC, reporting the settlement of Carthaginians in an Atlantic island. Keywords:  rade; Gold; North African Atlantic Coast; Carthage; Island Colonization. 1. I󰁮󰁴󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁣󰁩󰃳󰁮 1 No hay muchos datos que nos informen sobre la fachada atlántica norteafricana en la segunda mitad del siglo VI y la primera mitad del siglo V a.C. Esa desinformación existe también para la propia Cartago que, con seguridad, ya se había convertido en una potencia que trataba de tener el control del Mediterráneo Central y proyectar su comercio hacia el Mediterráneo Occidental y la fachada atlántica norteafricana. * Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Facultad de Filosofía y Letras. Campus de Cantoblanco. 28.049 Madrid; alfredo.mederos@uam.es.** Programa de Doctorado, Universidad de La Laguna; escribanocobogabriel@gmail.com1 Este trabajo se ha ido elaborando a lo largo de varios años dentro de los proyectos “Náutica mediterránea y navegaciones oceánicas en la Antigüedad. La cuestión de la fachada atlántica”, HUM-2006-05196/Hist, del Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, dirigido por F. López Pardo, “La ciudad fenicio-púnica de Útica”, HAR2011-29880, del Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, bajo la dirección de J.L. López Castro y “Descubrimiento y poblamiento de las Islas Canarias (1100 AC-500 DC)”, de la Dirección General de Patrimonio Histórico del Gobierno de Canarias, codirigido por los autores. Queremos agradecer la colaboración de V. Peña, L. Ruiz Cabrero y N. Villaverde. COMERCIO NO PRESENCIAL DE ORO Y ESCALASEN ISLAS DE FENICIOS Y CARAGINESES EN LA COSA ALÁNICA NOREAFRICANA   A󰁬󰁦󰁲󰁥󰁤󰁯 M󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁯󰁳 M󰁡󰁲󰁴󰃭󰁮 , G󰁡󰁢󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁬 E󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁢󰁡󰁮󰁯 C󰁯󰁢󰁯** A󰁬󰁦󰁲󰁥󰁤󰁯 M󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁯󰁳 M󰁡󰁲󰁴󰃭󰁮, G󰁡󰁢󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁬 E󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁢󰁡󰁮󰁯 C󰁯󰁢󰁯*
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