of 9

“Α critical analysis about the role of poetry in Plato’s Laws.”

10 views
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Description
“Α critical analysis about the role of poetry in Plato’s Laws.”
Tags
Transcript
  Pliaki 1  Major essay topic “Α critical analysis about the role of poetry in Plato’s  Laws .” Fani Pliaki (2151!1"#P$%& ' )ncient Philosophy *e+inar Professor, -. a//af 0inter 21!  Pliaki 2 Fro+  Ion  an/ Gorgias  to  Republic  until his last +ature ork  Laws  Plato proi/es us ith an a+bi3uous opinion about poetry4 hich on the one ti+e isconceie/ as hostility an/ on the other ti+e is conceie/ as “thanks3iin3” 3ien that poetry 3ies a han/ to e/ucation of the 3uar/ians an/ le3islation +akin3. %f anyoneent back to Plato’s youth4 he or she coul/ eplain Plato’s fluctuation beteen philosophy an/ poetry by takin3 into consi/eration philosopher’s en3a3e+ent ithtra3ic poetry. 6he connection ith *ocrates as the +ilestone4 hich ur3e/ Plato to burn his earliest /ocu+ents of tra3ic poetry an/ to /eote hi+self entirely to the philosophical thou3ht. )lthou3h4 his repeate/ references to  Iliad   an/ Odyssey  in his/ialo3ues proe that he as an a/+irer of $o+er. 7elon3in3 in the )thenianaristocracy of the fifth century4 Plato as a chil/ ha/ atten/e/ +usic lessons (  μουσική) an/ 3y+nastics ( γυμνσ!ική)  as ell (-reene 15# 4hich as the +ain ele+ents of e/ucation of 3uar/ians’  Republic . $oeer4 fro+ this ork /eries his fa+ous hostile position a3ainst the oral perfor+ance of poetry. %n re3ar/ to the ork of his +ature  Laws" a +ore ise censorship is 3ien an/ the poets are not only epulse/ of thei/eal society but they are also ur3e/ to play a /efinin3 role in the le3islation.6o be3in ith4 Plato in  Laws  atte+pts to fra+e a kin/ of the best society thatcan be reali8e/. %n the thir/ book of &as4 he presents the /an of a society after a/estroyin3 /elu3e (9!:#. %ts citi8ens use/ to be unsophisticate/ people ho lie/ itha pri+itie ay of life 4obiously4 ithout the nee/ of a le3islator since they ere3oo/4 na;e an/ un/er a patriarchal 3oern+ent (9"#. )s ti+e ent on4 seeralfa+ilies +et in a co++on society an/ this lea/ to the chiefs of each one beco+in3 thela3iers of the state hich has arisen (9"1#. Particularly4 as for the le3islatie syste+an/ the poet’s inole+ent in it4 la3ier’s task is to persua/e citi8ens to abi/e thela fosterin3 all their irtues at the sa+e ti+e (7obonich 12#. 0hat is +ore the true  Pliaki 3 le3islator is responsible to persua/e or co+pel the poets to e+ploy only those rhyth+san/ har+onies hich reinforce people ethical behaior (99#. 6he )thenian states thatthe prior poets hae pro/uce/ both 3reat an/ ba/ orks an/ reco++en/s theconte+porary an/ future poets to take the las as an ea+ple for their co+positions.<n top of that4 he su33ests the treatise of &as to be offere/ to the /irector of e/ucation as a pattern for his 3ui/ance ("11#.  Thus, the /iscourse of the  Laws ischaracteri8e/ as “/iinely inspire/” ( ou$ aneu %inos epipnoias %&eon # . =he job of  poetry ill not be ritten by free+en but by salarie/ forei3n e+ployees of the stateof Ma3nesia ("1!#. *pecial las are fra+e/ ith re3ar/ to /ra+a. 6ra3e/ians arealloe/ to co+pose in sake of people in con/ition that their ork ill be censore/ atfirst in or/er to present the+. )lso4 3ien the fact that the  Laws  is to be a ritin3sa+ple for the poetical co+positions4 it is i+plie/ that it ill be as ritten le3islation.Maybe for this reason4 the net 3eneration is ur3e/ to learn ho to rite an/ ho torea/ re3ar/less the fact that the /efinition of the e/ucate/ +an /epen/s +ostly on hisability to sin3 an/ /ance (99# (a//af '2# >pon these theses of Plato about the role of poetry an/ poets a critical analysisis 3ien in the this essay. )s for the criteria by hich % ill analy8e Plato’s ie4firstly % ill reflect on ho clearly he eplains the type in hich his &as are to befor+e/. %s it obious that the le3islation ill be ritten4 poetically perfor+e/ or both?)lso4 if this happens4 hich are the prece/ents for Plato@s position? *econ/ly4 is the job of the poet inferior or eAual ith le3islator’s /uties an/ ho possible it is these jobs to be i/entifie/ in an i/eal state? 6hir/ly4 is it la rather than nous that ill bethe 3ui/in3 force for the citi8ens an/ hat type of free/o+ /oes the poetry pro+ise?)t last4 3ien that +usic an/ /ance as a +ain factor in )ncient -reeks’e/ucation (  paideia )  can that type of knole/3e help the citi8ens to buil/ a better character an/  Pliaki 4 lon3 ter+ to abi/e the la ? %n brief4 this critical analysis ai+s in shoin3 in hichay poetry 3ies a han/ to the reali8ation of the i/eal city of Ma3nesia 6o be3in ith4 in !!2 Plato /eclares that the le3islator shoul/ /iscuss an/reise the las freAuently until they take a per+anent an/ un/isputable for+. %n ":5he says that the las of states ou3ht to be the +o/els of ritin3 because a rittenfor+ it turns to be i++utable. 6hat is4 the le3islation4 surely4 ill take a ritten for+or een +ore4 as a//af says ('9# Plato “inten/s the las the+seles to be put intoerse an/ perfor+e/ as son3s” as it happene/ in the theocratic state of B3ypt4 hereso+e -o/Cinspire/ +an use/ to take the responsibility of laC+akin3 like they erereli3ious hy+ns (95!#. $oeer4 one the one han/ so+ebo/y oul/ ar3ue that the/eal of +akin3 las is not an atte+pt of optin3 the +ost etraor/inary or/ tosAuee8e it in the hea+eters so as to i+press the au/ience. <n the contrary4 challen3efor the le3islator is ho to articulate rules an/ pre+ises in that ay4 so as to see+strict an/ ri3ht in or/er to earn the respect of the people. <n the other han/4 history proes the opposite, to riters of /ifferent eras4 )elian an/ *trabo4 infor+ us thatthere as a tribe calle/ “Dretan”4 hich as teachin3 the chil/ren ho ere 3oin3 to be citi8ens the las ith a +usical aco+pani+ent so that they receie pleasure fro+the +usic an/ “/i3est” +ore easily the +eanin3 of the las. %n a si+ilar +anner4 thesecon/Ccentury 7D historian Polybius tells us in his  'is%ories ('.2."# about)rca/iathe boys4 ho fro+ their earliest years are accusto+e/ to sin3 the hy+ns an/ paeans accor/in3 to la. Presu+ably4 the +ost notable ea+ple is *olon. $isehortatie ele3iac poetry ai+e/ to help )thenians +e+ori8e an/ trans+it the+.Plutarch hol/s that hen *olon co+pose/ the poe+ (alais  4 /is3uise/ hi+self as aheral/ an/ recite/ his poe+ in the a3ora before an au/ience su++one/ for an  Pliaki 5 occasion. 7y this ay4 he succee/e/ in sin3in3 his political preachin3.( a//af '!C"#.)s a result4 the ea+ples /e+onstrate the hi3h contribution of poetry on the+aintenance of the le3islation an/ the help for +e+ori8ation. 6o +ake an analo3y inour a3e4 e coul/ take into consi/eration erse 3ra++ar rules hich eerybo/y hasco+e across in stu/ent 3ra++ar han/books. %n 7ook  Plato re/uces the alue of poets’ ork as he presents the+ to be possesse/ by /iine +a/ness hen they sit /on on the tripo/ of the Muses an/ ask for /iine inspiration. For4 poet beco+es a +ere i+itator an/ +ay says all sorts of opposite thin3s4 hich the 3o/ entails. <n the contrary4 for Plato4 the le3islator truly/oes a +ore honorable ork than the poet since he proi/es the people ithle3islation hich /eries fro+ /iine reason. $o successful is this co+parison4 fro+hich the ealuation of le3islators as a hi3her estee+e/ ork arises ? <n the 3roun/s that both le3islator an/ poet use an art *%ec&ne #4 it +eans thatthey both utili8e their skills4 their eperience an/ 3enerally their +in/ *nous #. Eorespecifically4 le3islator utili8es a %ec&ne of persua/in3 people to abi/e the la4 hichco+es fro+ /ifferent chances or necessity an/ critical analysis of le3islatie/ocu+ents 3ien by the prosecutors. %n this point4 le3islator is eAual ith the poetsince the latter is able to a+use the people an/ conince the+ to epress the opinion an/ follo the para/i3+ that their son3s preach (a//af '!#. Moreoer4 both the le3islator an/ the poet share /iine poer. <n the one han/ le3islator is 3ui/e/ by his nous 4 hich has/iine ori3ins an/ ren/ers the le3islator the +ost appropriate in/ii/ual to +akestate’s le3islation. <n the other han/4 the conte+porary professional poets are inspire/
Related Search
Advertisements
Related Docs
View more...
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks