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Formato Para Articulos IEEE | Citation | Magnetic Field

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Conjunto de normas para escribir articulos IEEE
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  > REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) <    Abstract   —These instructions give you guidelines forpreparing papers for IEEE T RANSACTIONS and J OURNALS  . Use this document as a template if you are using Microsoft Word  6.0 or later. Otherwise, use this document as aninstruction set. The electronic file of your paper will beformatted further at IEEE. Define all symbols used in theabstract. Do not cite references in the abstract. Do not deletethe blank line immediately above the abstract; it sets thefootnote at the bottom of this column.  Index Terms  —About four key words or phrases inalphabetical order, separated by commas. For a list of suggested keywords, send a blank e-mail to keywords@ieee.org  or visit the IEEE web site at http://www.ieee.org/web/developers/webthes/index.htm . I.I  NTRODUCTION HIS document is a template for Microsoft Word  versions6.0 or later. If you are reading a paper version of thisdocument, please download the electronic file, TRANS-JOUR.DOC, fromhttp://www.ieee.org/organizations/pubs/transactions/stylesheets.htm so you can use it to prepare your manuscript. If youwould prefer to use LATEX, download IEEE’s LATEX styleand sample files from the same Web page. Use these LATEXfiles for formatting, but please follow the instructions inTRANS-JOUR.DOC or TRANS-JOUR.PDF. T If your paper is intended for a conference, please contactyour conference editor concerning acceptable word processor formats for your particular conference.When you open TRANS-JOUR.DOC, select “PageLayout” from the “View” menu in the menu bar (View | PageLayout), which allows you to see the footnotes. Then typeover sections of TRANS-JOUR.DOC or cut and paste fromanother document and then use markup styles. The pull-downstyle menu is at the left of the Formatting Toolbar at the top    Manuscript received October 9, 2001. (Write the date on which yousubmitted your paper for review.) This work was supported in part by the U.S.Department of Commerce under Grant BS123456 (sponsor and financialsupport acknowledgment goes here). Paper titles should be written inuppercase and lowercase letters, not all uppercase. Avoid writing longformulas with subscripts in the title; short formulas that identify the elementsare fine (e.g., Nd–Fe–B ). Do not write (Invited) in the title. Full names of authors are preferred in the author field, but are not required. Put a space between authors' initials.F. A. Author is with the National Institute of Standards and Technology,Boulder, CO 80305 USA (corresponding author to provide phone: 303-555-5555; fax: 303-555-5555; e-mail: author@ boulder.nist.gov).S. B. Author, Jr., was with Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 USA. Heis now with the Department of Physics, Colorado State University, FortCollins, CO 80523 USA (e-mail: author@lamar. colostate.edu).T. C. Author is with the Electrical Engineering Department, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 USA, on leave from the National ResearchInstitute for Metals, Tsukuba, Japan (e-mail: author@nrim.go.jp). of your  Word  window (for example, the style at this point inthe document is “Text”). Highlight a section that you want todesignate with a certain style, then select the appropriatename on the style menu. The style will adjust your fonts andline spacing. Do not change the font sizes or line spacing tosqueeze more text into a limited number of pages. Useitalics for emphasis; do not underline.To insert images in Word, position the cursor at theinsertion point and either use Insert | Picture | From File or copy the image to the Windows clipboard and then Edit |Paste Special | Picture (with “Float over text” unchecked).IEEE will do the final formatting of your paper. If your  paper is intended for a conference, please observe theconference page limits.II.P ROCEDURE   FOR  P APER  S UBMISSION  A.Review Stage Please check with your editor on whether to submit your manuscript by hard copy or electronically for review. If hardcopy, submit photocopies such that only one column appears per page. This will give your referees plenty of room to writecomments. Send the number of copies specified by your editor (typically four). If submitted electronically, find out if your editor prefers submissions on disk or as e-mailattachments.If you want to submit your file with one columnelectronically, please do the following:--First, click on the View menu and choose PrintLayout.--Second, place your cursor in the first paragraph. Go tothe Format menu, choose Columns, choose one columnLayout, and choose “apply to whole document” from thedropdown menu.--Third, click and drag the right margin bar to just over 4 inches in width.The graphics will stay in the “second” column, but you candrag them to the first column. Make the graphic wider to push out any text that may try to fill in next to the graphic.  B.Final Stage When you submit your final version, after your paper has been accepted, print it in two-column format, includingfigures and tables. Send three prints of the paper; two will goto IEEE and one will be retained by the Editor-in-Chief or conference publications chair.You must also send your final manuscript on a disk, whichIEEE will use to prepare your paper for publication. Writethe authors’ names on the disk label. If you are using a Preparation of Papers for IEEE T RANSACTIONS and J OURNALS   (June 2003) First A. Author, Second B. Author, Jr., and Third C. Author, Member, IEEE  1  > REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) <Macintosh, please save your file on a PC formatted disk, if  possible. You may use  Zip or CD-ROM disks for large files,or compress files using Compress, Pkzip, Stuffit, or  Gzip.  Also send a sheet of paper with complete contactinformation for all authors. Include full mailing addresses,telephone numbers, fax numbers, and e-mail addresses. Thisinformation will be used to send each author acomplimentary copy of the journal in which the paper appears. In addition, designate one author as the“corresponding author.” This is the author to whom proofs of the paper will be sent. Proofs are sent to the correspondingauthor only. C.Figures All tables and figures will be processed as images. However, IEEE cannot extract the tables and figuresembedded in your document. (The figures and tables youinsert in your document are only to help you gauge the sizeof your paper, for the convenience of the referees, and tomake it easy for you to distribute preprints.) Therefore, submit, on separate sheets of paper, enlarged versions of the tables and figures that appear in your document. These are the images IEEE will scan and publish with your  paper.  D.Electronic Image Files (Optional) You will have the greatest control over the appearance of your figures if you are able to prepare electronic image files.If you do not have the required computer skills, just submit paper prints as described above and skip this section. 1) Easiest Way: If you have a scanner, the best andquickest way to prepare noncolor figure files is to print your tables and figures on paper exactly as you want them toappear, scan them, and then save them to a file in PostScript(PS) or Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) formats. Use aseparate file for each image. File names should be of theform “fig1.ps” or “fig2.eps.” 2) Slightly Harder Way: Using a scanner as above, savethe images in TIFF format. High-contrast line figures andtables should be prepared with 600 dpi resolution and savedwith no compression, 1 bit per pixel (monochrome), with filenames of the form “fig3.tif” or “table1.tif.” To obtain a 3.45-in figure (one-column width) at 600 dpi, the figure requires ahorizontal size of 2070 pixels. Typical file sizes will be onthe order of 0.5 MB.Photographs and grayscale figures should be prepared with220 dpi resolution and saved with no compression, 8 bits per  pixel (grayscale). To obtain a 3.45-in figure (one-columnwidth) at 220 dpi, the figure should have a horizontal size of 759 pixels.Color figures should be prepared with 400 dpi resolutionand saved with no compression, 8 bits per pixel (palette or 256 color). To obtain a 3.45-in figure (one column width) at400 dpi, the figure should have a horizontal size of 1380 pixels.For more information on TIFF files, please go tohttp://www.ieee.org/organizations/pubs/transactions/information.htm and click on the link “Guidelines for Author Supplied Electronic Text and Graphics.” 3) Somewhat Harder Way: If you do not have a scanner,you may create noncolor PostScript figures by “printing”them to files. First, download a PostScript printer driver fromhttp://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/pdrvwin.htm(for Windows) or fromhttp://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/ pdrvmac.htm (for Macintosh) and install the “Generic PostScript Printer”definition. In Word, paste your figure into a new document.Print to a file using the PostScript printer driver. File namesshould be of the form “fig5.ps.” Use Adobe Type 1 fontswhen creating your figures, if possible. 4) Other Ways: Experienced computer users can convertfigures and tables from their srcinal format to TIFF. Someuseful image converters are Adobe  Photoshop, Corel  Draw, and Microsoft  Photo Editor, an application that is part of Microsoft Office 97  and Office 2000 (look for C:\ProgramFiles\Common Files \Microsoft Shared\ PhotoEd\PHOTOED.EXE. (You may have to custom-install  Photo Editor  from your srcinal Office disk.)Here is a way to make TIFF image files of tables . First,create your table in Word. Use horizontal lines but no verticallines. Hide gridlines (Table | Hide Gridlines). Spell check thetable to remove any red underlines that indicate spellingerrors. Adjust magnification (View | Zoom) such that you canview the entire table at maximum area when you select View| Full Screen. Move the cursor so that it is out of the way.Press “Print Screen” on your keyboard; this copies the screenimage to the Windows clipboard. Open Microsoft  Photo Editor  and click Edit | Paste as New Image. Crop the tableimage (click Select button; select the part you want, thenImage | Crop). Adjust the properties of the image (File |Properties) to monochrome (1 bit) and 600 pixels per inch.Resize the image (Image | Resize) to a width of 3.45 inches.Save the file (File | Save As) in TIFF with no compression(click “More” button).Most graphing programs allow you to save graphs in TIFF;however, you often have no control over compression or number of bits per pixel. You should open these image filesin a program such as Microsoft  Photo Editor  and re-savethem using no compression, either 1 or 8 bits, and either 600or 220 dpi resolution (File | Properties; Image | Resize). SeeSection II-D2 for an explanation of number of bits andresolution. If your graphing program cannot export to TIFF,you can use the same technique described for tables in the previous paragraph.A way to convert a figure from Windows Metafile (WMF)to TIFF is to paste it into Microsoft  PowerPoint, save it inJPG format, open it with Microsoft  Photo Editor  or similar converter, and re-save it as TIFF.Microsoft  Excel  allows you to save spreadsheet charts inGraphics Interchange Format (GIF). To get good resolution,make the  Excel  charts very large. Then use the “Save as2  > REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) <HTML” feature (see http://support.microsoft.com/support/  kb/articles/q158/0/79.asp). You can then convert from GIF toTIFF using Microsoft  Photo Editor, for example. No matter how you convert your images, it is a good ideato print the TIFF files to make sure nothing was lost in theconversion.If you modify this document for use with other IEEE journals or conferences, you should save it as type “Word 97-2000 & 6.0/95 - RTF (*.doc)” so that it can be opened by anyversion of  Word. E.Copyright Form An IEEE copyright form should accompany your finalsubmission. You can get a .pdf, .html, or .doc version athttp://www.ieee.org/copyrightor from the first issues in eachvolume of the IEEE T RANSACTIONS and J OURNALS . Authorsare responsible for obtaining any security clearances.III.M ATH If you are using Word, use either the Microsoft EquationEditor or the MathType add-on (http://www.mathtype.com)for equations in your paper (Insert | Object | Create New |Microsoft Equation or  MathType Equation). “Float over text” should not  be selected.IV.U  NITS Use either SI (MKS) or CGS as primary units. (SI units arestrongly encouraged.) English units may be used assecondary units (in parentheses). This applies to papers indata storage. For example, write “15 Gb/cm 2 (100 Gb/in 2 ).”An exception is when English units are used as identifiers intrade, such as “3½ in disk drive.” Avoid combining SI andCGS units, such as current in amperes and magnetic field inoersteds. This often leads to confusion because equations donot balance dimensionally. If you must use mixed units,clearly state the units for each quantity in an equation.The SI unit for magnetic field strength  H  is A/m. However,if you wish to use units of T, either refer to magnetic fluxdensity  B or magnetic field strength symbolized as µ 0  H  . Usethe center dot to separate compound units, e.g., “A·m 2 .”V.H ELPFUL H INTS  A.Figures and Tables Because IEEE will do the final formatting of your paper,you do not need to position figures and tables at the top and bottom of each column. In fact, all figures, figure captions,and tables can be at the end of the paper. Large figures andtables may span both columns. Place figure captions belowthe figures; place table titles above the tables. If your figurehas two parts, include the labels “(a)” and “(b)” as part of theartwork. Please verify that the figures and tables you mentionin the text actually exist. Please do not include captions aspart of the figures. Do not put captions in “text boxes”linked to the figures. Do not put borders around theoutside of your figures. Use the abbreviation “Fig.” even atthe beginning of a sentence. Do not abbreviate “Table.”Tables are numbered with Roman numerals.Color printing of figures is available, but is billed to theauthors (approximately $1300, depending on the number of figures and number of pages containing color). Include a notewith your final paper indicating that you request color  printing. Do not use color unless it is necessary for theproper interpretation of your figures. If you want reprintsof your color article, the reprint order should be submitted promptly. There is an additional charge of $81 per 100 for color reprints.3   TABLE IU  NITS   FOR  M AGNETIC P ROPERTIES SymbolQuantityConversion from Gaussian andCGS EMU to SI a Φ magnetic flux1 Mx → 10 − 8 Wb = 10 − 8 V·s  B magnetic flux density,magnetic induction1 G → 10 − 4 T = 10 − 4 Wb/m 2  H  magnetic field strength1 Oe → 10 3 /(4 π ) A/m m magnetic moment1 erg/G = 1 emu → 10 − 3 A·m 2 = 10 − 3 J/T M  magnetization1 erg/(G·cm 3 ) = 1 emu/cm 3   → 10 3 A/m4 π M  magnetization1 G → 10 3 /(4 π ) A/m σ specific magnetization1 erg/(G·g) = 1 emu/g → 1 A·m 2 /kg  j magnetic dipolemoment1 erg/G = 1 emu → 4 π   × 10 − 10 Wb·m  J  magnetic polarization1 erg/(G·cm 3 ) = 1 emu/cm 3   → 4 π   × 10 − 4 T χ  ,   κ  susceptibility1 → 4 πχ ρ mass susceptibility1 cm 3 /g → 4 π   × 10 − 3 m 3 /kg µ  permeability1 → 4 π   × 10 − 7 H/m= 4 π   × 10 − 7 Wb/(A·m) µ r  relative permeability µ   →µ r  w, W  energy density1 erg/cm 3   → 10 − 1 J/m 3  N, D demagnetizing factor1 → 1/(4 π ) No vertical lines in table. Statements that serve as captions for the entiretable do not need footnote letters. a Gaussian units are the same as cgs emu for magnetostatics; Mx =maxwell, G = gauss, Oe = oersted; Wb = weber, V = volt, s = second, T =tesla, m = meter, A = ampere, J = joule, kg = kilogram, H = henry.Fig. 1. Magnetization as a function of applied field. Note that “Fig.” isabbreviated. There is a period after the figure number, followed by twospaces. It is good practice to explain the significance of the figure in thecaption.   > REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) <Figure axis labels are often a source of confusion. Usewords rather than symbols. As an example, write the quantity“Magnetization,” or “Magnetization M  ,” not just “ M  .” Putunits in parentheses. Do not label axes only with units. As inFig. 1, for example, write “Magnetization (A/m)” or “Magnetization (A ⋅ m − 1 ),” not just “A/m.” Do not label axeswith a ratio of quantities and units. For example, write“Temperature (K),” not “Temperature/K.”Multipliers can be especially confusing. Write“Magnetization (kA/m)” or “Magnetization (10 3 A/m).” Donot write “Magnetization (A/m) × 1000” because the reader would not know whether the top axis label in Fig. 1 meant16000 A/m or 0.016 A/m. Figure labels should be legible,approximately 8 to 12 point type.  B.References  Number citations consecutively in square brackets [1]. Thesentence punctuation follows the brackets [2]. Multiplereferences [2], [3] are each numbered with separate brackets[1]–[3]. When citing a section in a book, please give therelevant page numbers [2]. In sentences, refer simply to thereference number, as in [3]. Do not use “Ref. [3]” or “reference [3]” except at the beginning of a sentence:“Reference [3] shows ... .” Unfortunately the IEEE documenttranslator cannot handle automatic endnotes in Word  ;therefore, type the reference list at the end of the paper usingthe “References” style. Number footnotes separately in superscripts (Insert |Footnote). 1 Place the actual footnote at the bottom of thecolumn in which it is cited; do not put footnotes in thereference list (endnotes). Use letters for table footnotes (seeTable I).Please note that the references at the end of this documentare in the preferred referencing style. Give all authors’names; do not use “ et al  .” unless there are six authors or more. Use a space after authors' initials. Papers that have not been published should be cited as “unpublished” [4]. Papersthat have been submitted for publication should be cited as“submitted for publication” [5]. Papers that have beenaccepted for publication, but not yet specified for an issueshould be cited as “to be published” [6]. Please giveaffiliations and addresses for private communications [7].Capitalize only the first word in a paper title, except for  proper nouns and element symbols. If you are short of space,you may omit paper titles. However, paper titles are helpfulto your readers and are strongly recommended. For papers published in translation journals, please give the Englishcitation first, followed by the original foreign-languagecitation [8]. C.Abbreviations and Acronyms Define abbreviations and acronyms the first time they areused in the text, even after they have already been defined inthe abstract. Abbreviations such as IEEE, SI, ac, and dc donot have to be defined. Abbreviations that incorporate periods should not have spaces: write “C.N.R.S.,” not “C. N.R. S.” Do not use abbreviations in the title unless they are 1 It is recommended that footnotes be avoided (except for the unnumberedfootnote with the receipt date on the first page). Instead, try to integrate thefootnote information into the text. unavoidable (for example, “IEEE” in the title of this article).  D.Equations  Number equations consecutively with equation numbers in parentheses flush with the right margin, as in (1). First usethe equation editor to create the equation. Then select the“Equation” markup style. Press the tab key and write theequation number in parentheses. To make your equationsmore compact, you may use the solidus ( / ), the expfunction, or appropriate exponents. Use parentheses to avoidambiguities in denominators. Punctuate equations when theyare part of a sentence, as in .)()()||(exp )]2(/[),( 02110020 2 λ λ λ λ λ   µ σ  ϕ ϕ  d r  J r  J  z  z  r d dr r  F  ii  jr  −∞ −−⋅= ∫ ∫  (1)Be sure that the symbols in your equation have beendefined before the equation appears or immediatelyfollowing. Italicize symbols ( T  might refer to temperature, but T is the unit tesla). Refer to “(1),” not “Eq. (1)” or “equation (1),” except at the beginning of a sentence:“Equation (1) is ... .”  E.Other Recommendations Use one space after periods and colons. Hyphenatecomplex modifiers: “zero-field-cooled magnetization.”Avoid dangling participles, such as, “Using (1), the potentialwas calculated.” [It is not clear who or what used (1).] Writeinstead, “The potential was calculated by using (1),” or “Using (1), we calculated the potential.”Use a zero before decimal points: “0.25,” not “.25.” Use“cm 3 ,” not “cc.” Indicate sample dimensions as “0.1 cm × 0.2 cm,” not “0.1 × 0.2 cm 2 .” The abbreviation for “seconds”is “s,” not “sec.” Do not mix complete spellings andabbreviations of units: use “Wb/m 2 ” or “webers per squaremeter,” not “webers/m 2 .” When expressing a range of values,write “7 to 9” or “7-9,” not “7~9.”A parenthetical statement at the end of a sentence is punctuated outside of the closing parenthesis (like this). (A parenthetical sentence is punctuated within the parentheses.)In American English, periods and commas are withinquotation marks, like “this period.” Other punctuation is“outside”! Avoid contractions; for example, write “do not”instead of “don’t.” The serial comma is preferred: “A, B, andC” instead of “A, B and C.”If you wish, you may write in the first person singular or  plural and use the active voice (“I observed that ...” or “Weobserved that ...” instead of “It was observed that ...”).Remember to check spelling. If your native language is notEnglish, please get a native English-speaking colleague to proofread your paper.VI.S OME C OMMON M ISTAKES The word “data” is plural, not singular. The subscript for the permeability of vacuum µ 0 is zero, not a lowercase letter 4
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