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Hopscotch Method | Mode (Music) | Musical Scales

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Hopsco tch Method Table of Contents 01. 02. 03. 04. Intro Minor Pentatonic box shapes Method Alternative Conclusion Intro NOTE: This article is based on the video lesson created by Joe Cefalu, who gives a demonstration of his workout called 'Hopscotch,' exclusively for Shred Academy [website]. I recently watched this video which talks about the Hopskotch Method, a way of getting out of the boxes of the minor pentatonic. It really works and is a great thing for soloing beginners, so I decided
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  Hopscotch Method  Table of Contents01. Intro02. Minor Pentatonic box shapes03. Method Alternative04. ConclusionIntroNOTE: This article is based on the video lesson created by Joe Cefalu, who gives a demonstration of his workout called 'Hopscotch,'exclusively for Shred Academy [website].I recently watched this video which talks about the Hopskotch Method, a way of getting out of the boxes of the minor pentatonic. It reallyworks and is a great thing for soloing beginners, so I decided to type them out. The minor pentatonic scale is used in a wide variety of genres of music. Rock, heavy metal, blues, etc. The most common problem howeverfor beginning soloists is that when they learn a certain box shape of the minor pentatonic, they get stuck within that box and their solosstart to sound the same, and it eventually gets boring. Here's a way you can learn more about the 5 shapes of the minor pentatonic, howthey fit together on the fretboard, and how you can break down the barriers between those boxes and turn them into a giant box that coversmost of the fretboard.Minor Pentatonic Box Shapes There are 5 minor pentatonic box shapes. The most common one being:Fig. 1|o|-|-|o||o|-|-|o||o|-|o|-||o|-|o|-||o|-|o|-||o|-|-|o|Now the remaining boxes follow it like this:Fig. 2|-|o|-|o||-|o|-|o||o|-|o|-||o|-|-|o||o|-|-|o||-|o|-|o|Fig. 3|-|o|-|o|-||-|o|-|-|o||o|-|-|o|-||-|o|-|o|-||-|o|-|o|-||-|o|-|o|-|Fig. 4|o|-|-|o||-|o|-|o||o|-|o|-||o|-|o|-||o|-|-|o||o|-|-|o|Fig. 5|-|o|-|o||-|o|-|o||o|-|-|o||o|-|-|o||-|o|-|o||-|o|-|o|If we were to play them following each other they would look like this, all along the fretboard:F.1 F.2 F.3 F.4 F.5 F.1|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o||o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o||o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-||o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-||o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-||o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o| You can see that, at the end, it starts back at figure 1, and that theyre all connected.  Now, while improvising, to be able to solo between these boxes seamlessly, you don't want to just play some licks off fig. 1, then switch tofig. 2, etc. You have to try and take two boxes, and merge them into one giant box. To do this, we will take the 6 strings of your guitar in pairs. E & A, A & D, D & G, G & B, B & E. 5 pairs. Now what we'll do is take the first pair,E & A, and play the part of fig. 1 on those strings, and then play the part of figure 2 on those strings. So in the key of G minor, it would looklike this:e|-------------------------|B|-------------------------|G|-------------------------|D|-------------------------|A|--------3--5--------5--8-|E|--3--6--------6--8-------| Then we'll move on to the next pair of strings, A & D:e|-------------------------|B|-------------------------|G|-------------------------|D|--------3--5--------5--8-|A|--3--5--------5--8-------|E|-------------------------|And we'll keep dong that up the 6 strings, so eventually we'll get this from the first 2 figures:E|--------------------------------------------------------------------3-6-----6-8|B|----------------------------------------------------3-6-----6-8-3-6-----6-8----|G|------------------------------------3-5-----5-7-3-5-----5-7--------------------|D|--------------------3-5-----5-8-3-5-----5-8------------------------------------|A|----3-5-----5-8-3-5-----5-8----------------------------------------------------|E|3-6-----6-8--------------------------------------------------------------------|And if you look at the box shape now, it looks like this:|o|-|-|o|-|o||o|-|-|o|-|o||o|-|o|-|o|-||o|-|o|-|-|o||o|-|o|-|-|o||o|-|-|o|-|o|See what we did there was merge fig. 1 and 2, and made a big box. Once you are able to see the notes on the fretboard liek this, you'resoloing will open up more than ever. If we do exactly what we did with fig. 1 and 2 to the rest of the figures, we'll come up with these:Fig. 2&3E|---------------------------------------------->B|---------------------------------------------->G|----------------------------------------5-7--->D|----------------------5-8------8-10-5-8-----8->A|----5-8------8-10-5-8-----8-10---------------->E|6-8-----8-10---------------------------------->E|>-------------------------------6-8-------8-10|B|>-------------6-8------8-11-6-8-----8-11------|G|>----7-10-5-7-----7-10------------------------|D|>-10------------------------------------------|A|>---------------------------------------------|E|>---------------------------------------------||-|o|-|o|-|o|-||-|o|-|o|-|-|o||o|-|o|-|-|o|-||o|-|-|o|-|o|-||o|-|-|o|-|o|-||-|o|-|o|-|o|-|Fig. 3&4E|--------------------------------------------------------->B|--------------------------------------------------------->G|-------------------------------------------------7-10---->D|---------------------------8-10-------10-12-8-10------10->A|-----8-10-------10-13-8-10------10-13-------------------->E|8-10------10-13------------------------------------------>E|>---------------------------------------8-10--------10-13|B|>---------------8-11--------11-13-8-11-------11-13-------|G|>----10-12-7-10------10-12-------------------------------|D|>-12-----------------------------------------------------|A|>--------------------------------------------------------|E|>--------------------------------------------------------|  |-|o|-|o|-|-|o||-|o|-|-|o|-|o||o|-|-|o|-|o|-||-|o|-|o|-|o|-||-|o|-|o|-|-|o||-|o|-|o|-|-|o|Fig. 4&5E|------------------------------------------------------------>B|------------------------------------------------------------>G|------------------------------------------------------10-12->D|------------------------------10-12-------12-15-10-12------->A|------10-13-------13-15-10-13-------13-15------------------->E|10-13-------13-15------------------------------------------->E|>------------------------------------------10-13-------13-15|B|>------------------11-13-------13-15-11-13-------13-15------|G|>------12-15-10-12-------12-15------------------------------|D|>12-15------------------------------------------------------|A|>-----------------------------------------------------------|E|>-----------------------------------------------------------||o|-|-|o|-|o||-|o|-|o|-|o||o|-|o|-|-|o||o|-|o|-|-|o||o|-|-|o|-|o||o|-|-|o|-|o|Fig. 5&1E|------------------------------------------------------------>B|------------------------------------------------------------>G|------------------------------------------------------12-15->D|------------------------------12-15-------15-17-12-15------->A|------13-15-------15-17-13-15-------15-17------------------->E|13-15-------15-18------------------------------------------->E|>------------------------------------------13-15-------15-18|B|>------------------13-15-------15-18-13-15-------15-18------|G|>------15-17-12-15-------15-17------------------------------|D|>15-17------------------------------------------------------|A|>-----------------------------------------------------------|E|>-----------------------------------------------------------||-|o|-|o|-|-|o||-|o|-|o|-|-|o||o|-|-|o|-|o|-||o|-|-|o|-|o|-||-|o|-|o|-|o|-||-|o|-|o|-|-|o|Method AlternativeAnother way to overcome the barriers between the boxes is to take 1 pair of strings, and go through all the box shapes on those two strings.So lets say, E & A. You would basically play this:E|----------------------------------------------------------------|B|----------------------------------------------------------------|G|----------------------------------------------------------------|D|----------------------------------------------------------------|A|------3-5-----5-8------8-10-------10-13-------13-15-------15-18-|E|--3-6-----6-8-----8-10------10-13-------13-15-------15-18-------||o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-||o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|And that would also increase your ability to improv and you will see the whole neck in a completely different way. For the rest of the pairs of strings, it would look like this:A & DE|----------------------------------------------------------------|B|----------------------------------------------------------------|G|----------------------------------------------------------------|D|------3-5-----5-8------8-10-------10-12-------12-15-------15-17-|A|--3-5-----5-8-----8-10------10-13-------13-15-------15-17-------|E|----------------------------------------------------------------|  |o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-||o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|D & GE|----------------------------------------------------------------|B|----------------------------------------------------------------|G|------3-5-----5-7------7-10-------10-12-------12-15-------15-17-|D|--3-5-----5-8-----8-10------10-12-------12-15-------15-17-------|A|----------------------------------------------------------------|E|----------------------------------------------------------------||o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-||o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|G & BE|----------------------------------------------------------------|B|------3-6-----6-8------8-11-------11-13-------13-15-------15-18-|G|--3-5-----5-7-----7-10------10-12-------12-15-------15-17-------|D|----------------------------------------------------------------|A|----------------------------------------------------------------|E|----------------------------------------------------------------||o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o||o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|B & EE|------3-6-----6-8------8-10-------10-13-------13-15-------15-18-||B|--3-6-----6-8-----8-11------11-13-------13-15-------15-18-------||G|----------------------------------------------------------------||D|----------------------------------------------------------------||A|----------------------------------------------------------------||E|----------------------------------------------------------------|||o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o||o|-|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|-|o|-|o|-|-|o|Part 2 Table of Contents:01. Intro02. The Major & Minor Scales03. The 7 Major Scale Modes04. Hopscotch Modes05. Method Alternative06. Further Expansion07. ConclusionIntroNOTE: This article is based on the video lesson created by Joe Cefalu, who gives a demonstration of his workout called 'Hopscotch,'exclusively for Shred Academy [website].Alright, well are you familiar with the Hopscotch Method, which was previously introduced for the minor pentatonic scale? If you haven't, goahead and look for it. It's not necessary, but preferable to be familiar with that lesson, because in this lesson, I'll be using the sametechnique except with something bigger, wider, and much more complex. Modes! Once you've mastered this technique with modes you'refingers will be flying around the neck and you'll sound even better than before!Along with covering modes and using them together, I'll be explaining another technique I have figured while soloing on my own, and that ishow to incorporate the minor pentatonic scale with major scale modes, which boxes go with which modes, and how they all fit together onthe fretboard. So enough chit-chat, let's get to the lesson! The Major And Minor Scales The major scale as we know it, is known as this:|R|-|o|-|o||-|-|o|-|o||-|o|o|-|o||-|o|R|-|o||o|-|o|-|o||R|-|o|-|o| The root note in the major scale repeats three times, which means it goes up two octaves from the note you started on. The minor scalelooks like this:|o|-|o|o|-|
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