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  IELTS WRITING – DAY 1 WRITING TASK 1 You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. The line graph below gives information about the rates of unemployment between 1991 and 2005 in threedifferent countries in Europe. The table shows the percentage of men and women in the workforce in these three countries.ummarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features! and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.Employment rates of men and women in three countries in Europe in 1991 WRITING TASK 2 You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.Write about the followin topic!  "any of the world#s cities are currently facing a serious housing shortage.$hat are some of the reasons for this shortage and what solutions can you suggest% "i#e reasons for your answer and include any rele#ant e$amples from your own knowlede or e$perience.Write at least 250 words.  SAMPLE ANSWERS %ask 1 &odel 'nswer %he raph shows unemployment le#els in three countries from 1991 to 2005 while the table i#es the  proportion of men and women in these countries who worked in 1991.(n 1991) *pam had the hihest unemployment rate at 1+, increasin markedly to 1-, 199+/1995) then fallin steadily to 9, in 2005. (n contrast) unemployment was low in "ermany startin at 4, but climbin radually to 9, in 199) dippin to , in 2001 and increasin to a hih of 11, in 2005. (taly3s unemployment rate fluctuated less than the otheis) startin and finishin at -, o#er this period and reachin a ma$imum of 12, from 199 to 1999.(n 1991) ust o#er half the female population in "ermany 54.4, was workin compared with more than three uarters of the men. 6owe#er) in *pain) about a third of the women were workin and a third of the men were not (taly3s employment rate amon men in that year was similar to "ermany3s) but not as many female workers were employed +.-,.7#erall) in "ermany) the rate of unemployment rose while there was a downward trend in the other two countries.190 words%ask 2 &odel 'nswer Worldwide) steadily increasin demand for houses and accommodation has left many cosmopolitan cities unable to meet the housin needs of their citi8ens.7ne of the main reasons for housin shortae in urban areas is an increase in urban populations. &any indi#iduals ha#e mirated from rural areas to the cities in search of a better life for themsel#es and their families. *imilarly) forein immiration rates to lare cities continue to rise. 'nother cause behind the shortae in housin supply is the desire of citi8ens and councils to protect reen spaces3 and en#ironmental areas within the city. 's admirable as this oal may be) it actually ties up #aluable land which could be used for housin. (n addition) the economic recession has caused in#estment in construction proects to drop away) which has slowed de#elopment in this area accordinly. ' final contributin factor in some cities is a lack of coordinated plannin and #ision for the future) which fails toconsider population rowth and the needs of future residents.(t is clear that solutions to this housin crisis need to be found. 7ne suestion is to implement town  plannin systems which encourae the concept of satellite cities to i#e residents the best of both worlds. %hese satellite cities ha#e all the benefits of small town li#in in reard to en#ironment and community)  but are situated only a short commute from the nearest city for employment purposes. %hus) they take the  pressure off city infrastructure and in particular housin stock. :ockets of hih density inner/city housin could also assist in alle#iatin the housin shortae.'ll in all) the answers to the urban housin crisis lie in effecti#e plannin for future population rowth while addressin current needs.
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