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Italian Ll | Grammatical Gender | Noun

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    41. Stare  Stare-to stay, besto stiamostai statesta stanno Stare means to be  when used in progressive tense. If you use it with a present participle, it translatesto something is happening, not something happens as with the present indicative.Stare is also used in many health expressions, such as Come stai? How are you? Sto bene. I'mfine.And stare per  plus an infinitive means to be about to do something. Stavo per uscire. I was aboutto go out. Stiamo per mangiare. We're about to eat. 42. Present Participles  Present participles are formed by dropping the ending of the verb, and adding the following endings tothe stem:Present Participles-are -ando  -ere -endo  -ire -endo  Conjugate stare and form the present participle, and you have a progressive action. Sto parlandoitaliano is I am speaking Italian  . (As opposed to Parlo italiano I speak Italian. ) There are only a fewirregular present participles: fare- facendo (doing), dare- dando (giving), dire- dicendo (say/telling), andbere- bevendo (drinking). 43. Imperfect Tense  The imperfect tense is also called the past descriptive tense and corresponds to was doing  or used to do  in English. The imperfect is used to describe a continued or habitual action in the past, or todescribe an action that was occuring in the past, while something else happened. Time, age, weatherconditions as well as mental and physical conditions are all expressed in the imperfect rather the pastindefinite tense.  The imperfect in Italian has the same ending for all three verb groups. It is formed by dropping the -reof the infinitive and adding the following endings:-vo-vamo-vi-vate-va-vanoAvere is regular in the imperfect, but essere, bere, dire and fare are irregular. The stem of esserebecomes er- for the singular endings, and it does not take the v , while the stem for the plural endingsis era- and it does take the v . The stems for bere, dire and fare are derived from the old Latininfinitives, and are beve- , dice- , and face- and they take the regular endings of the imperfect. Avevo fame. I was hungry. Era tardi. It was late. Non diceva niente. He wasn't saying anything. Aspettavamo in fila. We were waiting in line. Prendevo sempre l'autobus. I always take the bus. 44. Places  market il mercatorestaurant il ristorantehotel l'albergosquare la piazzastore il negoziolibrary la bibliotecastadium il stadiomovie theateril cinemachurch la chiesamuseum il museobeach la spiaggiapark il parcohospital l'ospedalepost office l'ufficio postalebakery il panificiopharmacy la farmacia 45. Transportation  bus l'autobusautomobilel'automobilecar la macchinatrain il trenoship la nave  airplane l'aeroplanoboat la barcamotorcyclela motociclettaon foot a piediNote: To say by  bus, car, etc., use in and leave off the il, la, and l'.   46. To Want, to Be Able to, to Have to   volere-to want potere-to be able to, candovere-to have to, must voglio vogliamo posso possiamo devo (debbo)dobbiamovuoi volete puoi potete devi dovetevuole vogliono può possono deve devono (debbono) 47. Asking Questions  The easiest way to ask a question is to simply add a question mark to the end of the statement.You can also put the subject at the end of the sentence. Il ragazzo mangia la pizza becomes Mangiala pizza, il ragazzo?  Or, if you're speaking to a Sardinian, you can put the verb at the end of the sentence. Parlafrancese? can become Francese parla? Does he/she speak French?    48. House and Furniture  house la casaroof il tettokitchen la cucinaroom la stanzabathroom il bagnodining room la sala da pranzoterrace la terrazzabalcony il balconetable la tavolawall la parate/il murodoor la portachair la sediatelephone il telefonotelevision la televisionewindow la finestra  sofa il divanoliving room il soggiornohallway il corridoiogarden il giardinobedroom la camerabed il lettocloset l'armadiobathtub la vasca da bagnosink l'acquiaostaircase la scalatoilet il bagnorefrigerator il frigoriferocurtains le tendeclock l'orologiobookshelf lo scaffalelamp la lampadaarmchair la poltronabathroom sinkil lavandinowastebasket il cestinomirror lo specchionightstand il comodinovase il vasodresser il cassettonerug lo scendiletto 49. Comparative and Superlative  Comparisons are expressed as follows: più... di / chemeno... di / checosì... cometanto... quanto more... thanless... thanas... asas... asPiù and meno can be used with di or che. Di is used when comparing two different things, while che isused when the comparison is between two qualities of the same thing. Le ciliege sono più buone delle fragole. Cherries are better than strawberries. La mela è più verde che rossa. The apple is more green than red. Franco è così alto come me. Frank is as tall as me.The Relative Superlative  compares two or more things and expresses the greatest or the least degree.It is formed by placing the article before the comparative form of the adjective, or in front of the noun.And instead of the prepostion in, di (and its contractions) is always used with the superlative.
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