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Karachi | Karachi | Pakistan

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Karachi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karachi Karachi From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Coordinates: 24°51′N 67°01′E Karachi (Urdu: ‫ ,آﺮاﭼﻰ‬Sindhi: ‫ )ڪراﭼﻲ‬is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the most populated city in Pakistan, sometimes known as the City of Lights and the City of Quaid (‫,)ﺷﮩﺮِ ﻗﺎﺋﺪ‬ after Muhammad Ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan. It is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea / Indian Ocean, north-west of the Indus Delta.
  Karachi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karachi1 of 141/24/2007 4:21 AM Karachi ﻰﭼاﺮآ General Information CountryPakistanProvinceSindhLocation24°51 ′ 36 ″  N,67°00 ′ 36 ″ EAltitude8 metres AMSLArea3,527 km²Calling code021Time zonePST (UTC+5) No. of Towns18Population9.339 M (1998)Estimate14.5 M [1] (2007)density4,115 persons/km² Government City Mayor (Nazim)Syed Mustafa Kamal No. of UnionCouncils178 EmblemWebsiteKarachi Government Website (http://www.karachicity.gov.pk) Karachi From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Karachi (Urdu: ﻰﭼاﺮآ , Sindhi: ﻲﭼارڪ ) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the most populated city in Pakistan, sometimes known as the City of Lights and the City of Quaid  ( ﺪﺋﺎﻗ   ِﺮﮩﺷ ),after Muhammad Ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan. It is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea /Indian Ocean, north-west of the Indus Delta. The city is the financial and commercial centre aswell as the largest port of Pakistan.Karachi is an ethnically very diverse city. Urdu speakers, Punjabis, Sindhis, Kashmiris, Seraikis,Pakhtuns, Balochs, Memons, Bohras, Ismailis, and Bengalis. District Malir is predominantlySindhi and Balochi. As of 2007 Karachi has an estimated population of more than 14.5 million making it amongst the most populous cities in theworld [2] Contents 1 History2 Geography and climate Coordinates: 24°51 ′  N 67°01 ′ E  Karachi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karachi2 of 141/24/2007 4:21 AM 3 Government4 Demographics5 Economy6 Development7 Culture8 Education9 Sports10 Sites of interest11 Shopping12 Transportation13 Land ownership14 Problems15 City Partnership16 External links17 See also18 Notes19 References History The Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran established a small settlement of fishing community and called it  Kolachi (it is Sindhi Tribe Name,still living many parts of Sindh). The modern port-city of Karachi however, was developed by authorities of the British Raj in the 19thcentury. Upon the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the city was selected to become the national capital, and was settled by Muslim refugees fromIndia, which radically expanded the city's population and transformed the demographics and economy. Karachi has faced major infrastructural andsocio-economic challenges, but modern industries and businesses have developed in the city, and the population expanded even after the capitalwas moved to Islamabad in August 1960.The area of Karachi has been known to the ancient Greeks by many names. Krokola, the place where Alexander the Great camped to prepare a fleetfor Babylonia after his campaign in the Indus valley; 'Morontobara' port (probably the modern Manora Island near the Karachi harbour), fromwhere Alexander's admiral Nearchus sailed for back home; and Barbarikon, a sea port of the Indo-Greek Bactrian kingdom. It was also known asthe port of Debal to the Arabs, from where Muhammad bin Qasim led his conquering force into South Asia in 712 AD. According to the Britishhistorian Eliot, parts of city of Karachi and the island of Manora constituted the city of Debal.According to another legend, the present city started its life as a fishing settlement where a Sindhi(Balouch) fisherwoman by the name of MaiKolachitook up residence and started a family(Still Grave found,but last years some peoples demolished those graves). The village that later grew out of this settlement was known as  Kolachi-jo-Goth (The Village of Kolachi in Sindhi). By the late 1700s this village started trading across the sea withMuscatand the Persian Gulf region which led to its gaining importance. A small fort was constructed for its protection, armed with cannons imported fromMuscat. The fort had two main gateways: one facing the sea, known as Khara Darwaaza (Brackish Gate) and the other facing the adjoining Lyaririver known as the Meetha Darwaaza (Sweet Gate). The location of these gates corresponds to the present-day city localities of Khaaradar (  Kh ā r  ā  Dar  ) and Meethadar ( M  ī  ṭ  h ā Dar  ) respectively.In 1795, the village became a domain of the Balochi Talpur rulers of Sindh. A small factory was opened by the British in September 1799, but was closed down within a year. After sending a couple of exploratory missions to the area, the British East India Company conquered the town on February 3, 1839. The village was later annexed to theBritish Indian Empire when the province of Sindh was conquered by Charles Napier in 1843. Kolachi was added along with the rest of Sindh to theurisdiction of the Bombay Presidency. An old image of Karachi from 1889  Karachi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karachi3 of 141/24/2007 4:21 AM The British realized its importance as a military cantonment and a port for exporting the produce of theIndus basin, and rapidly developed its harbour for shipping. The foundations of a city municipal government were laid down and infrastructure developmentwas undertaken. New businesses started opening up and the population of the town started rising rapidly. Karachi quickly turned into a city, makingtrue the famous quote by Napier who is known to have said: Would that I could come again to see you in your grandeur! In 1857, the First Indian War for Independence broke out in the subcontinent and the 21st Native Infantry stationed in Karachi declared allegiance to revolters, joining their cause on September 10,1857. However, the British were rapidly able to reassert their control over Karachi and defeat the uprising. Karachi was known as  KhuracheeScinde (i.e. Karachi, Sindh) during the early British colonial rule.In 1864, the first telegraphic message was sent from India to England when a direct telegraph connection was laid down between Karachi andLondon. In 1878, the city was connected to the rest of British India by railway line. Public building projects such as the Frere Hall (1865) and theEmpress Market (1890) were undertaken. In 1876, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, was born in the city to a famous Ismaili Khojafamily, which by now had become a bustling city with railway, churches, mosques, courthouses, markets, paved streets and a magnificent harbour.By 1899 Karachi had become the largest wheat exporting port in the east (Feldman 1970:57). The population of the city had also risen to about105,000 inhabitants by the end of the 19th century and was a cosmopolitan mix of Hindus and Muslims, European traders, Parsis, Iranians,Lebanese, and Goanmerchants. By the turn of the century, the city faced street congestion, which led to India’s first tramway system being laid down in 1900.By 1914, Karachi had become the largest grain exporting port of the British Empire. In 1924, anaerodrome was built and Karachi became the main airport of entry into India. An airship mast was also built in Karachi in 1927 as part of theImperial Airship Communications scheme, which was later abandoned. In 1936, Sindh was separated from the Bombay Presidency and Karachi wasmade the capital of the new province. By the time the new country of Pakistan was formed in 1947, Karachi had become a bustling metropolitancity with beautiful classical and colonial European styled buildings lining the city’s thoroughfares. Karachi was chosen as the capital city of Pakistan and accommodated a huge influx of migrants and refugees to the newly formed country. The demographics of the city also changeddrastically. However, it still maintained a great cultural diversity as its new inhabitants arrived from all parts of the subcontinent. In 1958, thecapital of Pakistan was shifted from Karachi to Rawalpindi and then to Islamabad in 1960. This marked the start of a long period of decline in thecity, owing to a lack of governmental attention and development. The 1980s and 1990s saw an influx of refugees from the Afghan war into Karachi.Political tensions between the Mohajir groups (descendents of migrants from the partition era) and other groups also erupted and the city was wracked with political and sectarianviolence. Most of these tensions have now simmered down.Karachi continues to be an important financial and industrial centre for the country and handles most of the overseas trade of Pakistan and thecentral Asian countries. It accounts for a large portion of the GDPof Pakistan and a large chunk of the country's white collar workers. Karachi's population has continued to grow and is estimated to have passed the20 million mark, although official figures still show a population of around 14.5 million. The current economic boom in Pakistan has also resultedin a new period of resurgence in the economy of Karachi and a lot of new opportunities have opened up in the city. The city government is alsoundertaking a massive upgrading of the city’s infrastructure, which promises to again put Karachi into the line-up of one of the world’s greatestmetropolitan cities. Geography and climate Saint Patrick's CathedralFrere Hall - a prime example of colonialarchitecture built during the British Raj  Karachi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karachi4 of 141/24/2007 4:21 AM Karachi is located in the south of Pakistan, on the coast of the Arabian Sea. The city covers an area of approximately 3,530 square kilometers,comprised largely of flat or rolling plains, with hills on the western and northern boundaries of the urban sprawl. Two rivers pass through the city:the River Malir which flows from the east towards the south and centre, and the River Lyari, which flows from north to the south west. The KarachiHarbour is a sheltered bay to the south-west of the city, protected from storms by the Sandspit Beach, the Manora Island and the Oyster Rocks. TheArabian Sea beach lines the southern coastline of Karachi. Dense mangroves and creeks of the Indus delta can be found towards the south east sideof the city. Towards the west and the north is Cape Monze, an area marked with projecting sea cliffs and rocky sandstone promontories. Someexcellent beaches can also be found in this area.Located on the coast, Karachi tends to have a relatively mild climatewith low levels of average precipitation (approximately 10 inches per annum), the bulk of which occurs during the July-August monsoon season.Winters are mild and the summers are hot, however the proximity to the sea maintains humidity levels at a near-constant high and cool sea breezesrelieve the heat of the summer months. Due to high temperatures during the summer (ranging from 30 to 44 degrees Celsius from April to August),the winter months (November to February) are generally considered the best times to visit Karachi. July, December and January have pleasing andcloudy weather when most of the social events, ranging from weddings to charity fundraisers, frequently take place. Tourists and expatriates visitKarachi in these months. Karachi temperaturesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecAvg. high (in °C) 252629323434333131333127Avg. low (in °C) 131419232628272625221814 Government The City of Karachi Municipal Act was promulgated in 1933. Initially the Municipal Corporation comprised the mayor, the deputy mayor and 57councilors. The Karachi Municipal Corporation was changed to a Metropolitan Corporation in 1976. The administrative area of Karachi was asecond-level subdivision known as Karachi Division , which was subdivided into five districts: Karachi Central, Karachi East, Karachi South,Karachi West and Malir. In 2000, the government of Pakistan designed a new devolution plan in order to decentralize the political, administrativeand financial resources and responsibilities. This plan abolished the earlier second-level division and merged the five districts of Karachi into a Karachi District . When the devolution plan was implemented in 2001, this district officially became a City District, with the City DistrictGovernment of Karachi handling its government. Karachi now has a three-tier federated system, formed by:The City District Government (CDG)Town Municipal AdministrationsUnion Council AdministrationsThe City-District of Karachi is divided into eighteen townsgoverned by elected municipal administrations responsible for infrastructure and spatial planning, development facilitation, and municipal services(water, sanitation, solid waste, repairing roads, parks, street lights, and traffic engineering), with some functions being retained by the CDG.The towns are sub-divided into 178 localities governed by elected union councils (UC's), which are the core element of the local governmentsystem. Each UC is a body of thirteen directly elected members including a Nazim (mayor) and a Naib Nazim (deputy mayor). The UC Nazimheads the union administration and is responsible for facilitating the CDG to plan and execute municipal services, as well as for informing higher authorities about public concerns and complaints.In the local body elections of 2005, Syed Mustafa Kamal was elected City Nazim of Karachi to succeed Naimatullah Khan & Nasreen Jalil waselected as the City Naib Nazim. Mustafa Kamal was the provincial minister for information technology in Sindh before assuming office as the city'smayor. His predecessor, Naimatullah Khan was chosen as one of the best mayors of in Asia. [3] Mustafa Kamal is advancing the development trailleft by Naimatullah Khan, and has been actively involved in maintaining care of the city's municipal systems. [4] Baldia TownBin Qasim TownGadap TownGulberg TownGulshan TownJamshed TownKemari TownKorangi TownLandhi TownLiaquatabad TownLyari TownMalir Town New Karachi Town North Nazimabad TownOrangi TownSaddar TownShah Faisal TownSITE Town Note:  Defence Housing Society Karachi is located in Karachi but is not a town of Karachi nor part of any town of Karachi. It is administered by the Defence Housing Authority, Karachi of Pakistan Army. Demographics
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