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Spanish Lll | Perfect (Grammar) | Verb

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    71. Adverbs  Most adverbs are formed by adding -mente to the feminine singular form of the adjective. However,two common adverbs that do not end in -mente are despacio (slowly) and demasiado (too much). AdjectiveAdverb correctofacilclaroabsolutorapidocorrectamentefacilmenteclaramenteabsolutamenterapidamentecorrectlyeasilyclearlyabsolutelyrapidly Lo + adverb + que expresses how  , while lo mas + adverb + an expression of possibility istranslated: as ... as ...   lo bien que how well lo mas pronto posible as soon as possible 72. Passive Voice  In passive sentences, the subject receives the action of the verb. In active sentences, the subjectdoes the action. However, the meaning of both sentences is the same. The passive voice in Spanishis formed with a tense of ser and a past participle. Ser should be in the same tense as the verb in itscorresponding active sentence. The agent is expressed by por if the action is physical; and by de ifmental. The past participle agrees in gender and number with the subject. If you use estar instead ofser, the past participle is called the predicate adjective and it is not a passive sentence. Active    El viento destrue la casa.  The wind destroys the house. Passive    La casa fue destruida por el viento. The house was destroyed by the wind. Predicate Adjective    Cuando la vi, la casa estabadestruida.  When I saw it, the house wasdestroyed. El nino fue castigado por su padre. The boy was punished by his father. Rosa es amada de todos. Rose is loved by everyone. 73. Uses of the Infinitive    The infinitive is translated as a gerund (the -ing form of the verb) after these words: el, al , apreposition, ver or oír . El correr es buen ejercicio. Running is good exercise. Partío sin hablar . He left without speaking. Oigo cantar a Maria . I hear Maria singing.74. Shoppingdepartmentstore el almacén  shop/store la tienda  shopping mall el centrocomercial  (open-air) market el mercado (alaire libre)  belt el cintúron  (fixed) price el precio (fijo)  glasses las gafas sale la rebaja  gloves los guantes  to bargain regatear  sunglasses los lentes de sol  to spend money gastar   75. Post Office and Bank  post office el correo  bank el banco  envelope el sobre (traveler's) check el cheque (deviajero)  mailbox el buzón  to cash (a check) cobrar  mail carrier el cartero  to save (money) ahorrar  stamps las estampillas to deposit depositar  package el paquete  account la cuenta   76. Conditional Tense  The conditional tense expresses an idea dependent on a condition that is either expressed orunderstood. It can also refer to the past when it expresses probability.To form the present conditional, add these endings to the infintive for all three types of verbs. Verbsthat had irregular stems in the future tense, also use that stem for the conditional tense. -ía-íamos  -ías-ía   -íais-ían   77. Infinitives followed by Prepositions  The following verbs require a, de, en or con when followed by another infinitive, although thepreposition is not always translated into English. Verb + a + another infinitive Verb + de + another infinitive acostumbrarseaprenderatreverseayudarcomenzarconvidardecidirsededicarseempezarenseñarinvitarirnegarsepersuadirprincipiarrehusarresignarseresistirseresolversevenirvolverto become used toto learn toto dare toto helpto begin toto invite toto decide toto devote oneselftoto begin toto teach toto inviteto go toto refuse toto persuade toto begin toto refuse toto resign oneself toto resistto resolve toto come toto return toacabaracordarsealegrarseaprovecharsearrepentirsecansarsecesardejarencargarsegozar jactarseolvidarsetratarto have justto rememberto be glad toto profit byto repentto tire ofto ceaseto ceaseto take charge ofto take pleasure into boast ofto forget toto try to Verb + en + another infinitive   Verb + con + another infinitive  consentirconsistirdivertirseempeñarseesforzarseinsistirocuparsepensarpersistirtardarto consent toto consistto amuse oneselfto insist onto endeavor toto insist onto busy oneselfto think ofto persist into delay incontarcontentarsesoñarto count onto content oneselfwithto dream of 78. Office / School Supplies  pencil el lápiz dictionary el diccionario eraser la goma tape (audio) la cinta  pen la pluma map el mapa    ink la tinta newspaper el periódico  paper el papel novel la novela  letter la carta  backpack la mochila  notebook el cuaderno  stapler la grapadora  book el libro scissors unas tijeras   79. Parts of a Car / Gas Station  cargaragetankgasolineoilairgreasetirespare tirewheelsteering wheelbrakespeedslowdangerstopgoservice station el cocheel garageel tanquela gasolinael aceiteel airela grasala llantallanta picadala ruedael volanteel frenola velocidaddespaciopeligroaltosiga, adelantela estación de servicio   80. Subjunctive Mood  The subjunctive is not used very often in English, but is is very common and important in Spanish.Some command forms are actually the subjunctive, so the formation of the present subjunctive shouldnot be too difficult.Present Subjunctive -ar verbs   -er and -ir -e-es-e-emos-éis-en-a-as-a-amos-áis-anThe past subjunctive is formed from the third person plural of the preterite. Remove the -on ending,and add these new endings:Past Subjunctive all verbs
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