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Article Ict 98 | Social Networking Service | Web 2.0

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  Web 2.0 is an interactive web application that is different from the common website applications. It isin contrast with the non-interactive common websites where users are limited to the passive viewinginformation that is provided to them. Web 2.0 application is a tool for collaboration, whereby it allowsthe users to have a real platform for true collaborative activities. It focuses on the users and thecontent, instead of just surfing on the internet. The way messages spreadacross the Web has beenchanging by the web 2.0technologies. This webapplication involves infor-mation sharing, interop-erability, user-centereddesign and collaborationon the worldwide web.People have a new way todefine their own perspec-tives, opinions, thoughtsand experiences as well asto have other people com-ments and read others’piece of mind. There areseveral web 2.0 toolswidely used such as we-blogs, RSS, video casting,social bookmarking, socialnetworking, podcasts andpicture sharing sites.These tools are becomingmore and more popular formajority of them are free.Some of the popular toolsare blogger, wordpress,myspace, youtube, meta-cafe, del.icio.us, dig, furl,twitter and flicker. NING NET-WORK Web 2.0 has shownrapid growth in the cy-ber world. This can beseen through varioussocial networking siteslike Facebook, Friend-ster and Twitter. How-ever, on 2005, the lat-est to become popularin Malaysia is Ning. In-deed, Ning can be per-ceived as a powerfultool that has potentialin creating a bettermeans of teaching in-structional which canreplace our conventionalclassroom. Further-more, a teacher can useNing as a platform ingenerating his/her ownmini social networksparticularly for the stu-dents. A teacher canopen the network mainlyfor her students orothers who are reallyinterested to be part ofthe learning environ-ment. The teacher hasthe power in determin-ing the target group forthat particular network.Ning also provides sev-eral features that suitthe classroom needswhich students can getengaged in variousmeaningful activities ina fun way. In Ning, ateacher can have vari-ety of tools includingblogs, forum, file sharing, pho-tos sharing and etc. Isn’t thisgreat? Everything has beencompressed into a networkwhich allows the teacher tomonitor the students’ activitieseven better.As mentioned above, blog is oneof the features available inNing. Teacher could use thisfeature to encourage the pupilsto get excited about writingand thinking. Teacher can as-sign the pupils to write an en-try in their blog every week toreflect their language learning.This is a way to improve theirwriting and critical thinkingskill. In fact, by having blog,the teacher can assess andscrutinize the development ofthe students and also get toknow the students’ innerthought. In fact, blog is a me-dium to connect with othersand build connections to learn-ing especially when they have achance to leave comments ontheir peers’ blogs. This canpromote collaborative and co-operative learning among thestudents as well as theteacher. Teacher can also givefeedback to the studentsbased on their writing. Plusthis will motivate them sincethey will have sense of ac-knowledgment by the teacher.  W E B  T O O L S 2. 0  Pont e Salv at icoPont e Salv at icoPont e Salv at icoPont e Salv at ico  Intro 1Ning Net-work1RSS 2CLT 3Dilemma 3Conclusion 4 Inside thisarticle:  Other than blog, Ning also enable the students to share photos and files. Through this, thestudents have a chance to upload their favorite pictures of themselves, theirfriends, their families, and their interests. The teacher can stand a chance to get toknow the students better which could develop bond with them. Hence, the teachercould use this application provided by Ning to assign the students to find any kindsof photos which are related to the topic and directly correlated to the content oflearning. Meanwhile, they are also able to share files with their peers in the network(Ning). However, the files must be associated with their learning context. The teacher must moni-tor the students’ progress including all the items that has been uploaded in the network so thatthere will be no non-content-related material. All these contributed to sharing information with allthe members of the network which enhance their learning. Web2.0isaninteractiv ewebapplicationthat isdifferent Page2 POLLDADDY Besides, PollDaddy is another easy and fun way to engage network members in order toreceive immediate feedback on their understanding. It is somehow changing the traditionalmethod of pop-quiz into something more along the lines of a game show.PollDaddy is a new online-survey tool and available to be integrated intothe Ning social network for free. PollDaddy can be use to get feedbackfrom the community members for many purposes. It can be use to decide the date for replace-ment class or any activity, to determine their understanding on certain concept as well as a de-mocracy class leader election.Another web 2.0 tool that is possible to be integrated to thesocial network is Really Simple Syndication (RSS). This tool helps theusers to get the latest update from various websites such as blogs,news headlines and video or audio update in a standardize format.The idea of using RSS helps the user to have web sites of theirchoice deliver their latest news directly to your monitor. So instead ofhaving to visit 14 different places to get your weather, sports, favorite photos, latest gossip, orlatest political debates, you just go to one screen and see it combined into a single window. Be-ing used in a social network such as Ning, RSS would help in providing the latest update, com-ments, blog posts as well as announcement from the Ning master. The members of the Ning willbe able to cope with the latest information shared in the network. Being used in a classroom,RSS would help the Ning members in organizing and streamlining the abundance of content ofthe web. Besides, it would allow for an approach to reading the combines both scanning (pickingout interesting and relevant materials) and synthesizing (making connections between the rele-vant and interesting materials). It would also give students the opportunity to evaluate and weedout content on the web. RSS RSS would help in providingthe latest update, comments,blog posts as well asannouncement from the Ningmaster  From the explanation above ofwhat Web 2.0 is, we believed thatCommunicative Language Teaching(CLT) would be the best theory toapply in the classroomwhilst web 2.0 becomesthe learning tools. Ac-cording to Larsen-Freeman (2000), Com-municative LanguageTeaching aims broadlyto apply the theoreticalperspective of theCommunicative Approach by makingcommunicative competence thegoal of language teaching and byacknowledging the interdepend-ence of language and communica-tion.The most obvious characteristicof CLT is that almost everythingthat is done is done with a com-municative intent. Meaning, stu-dents use the language a greatdeal through com-municative activi-ties. A good ex-ample would bethe use of blog.Through blogging,students have thechance to expresstheir ideas and opinions in theirown words. So, they have thefreedom not only about what tosay, but also how to say it. CLT also emphasizes on cooperativelearning. So, it really suits withthe tools of Web 2.0. Throughoutsocial networks such as Ning, Face-book and Twitter, students havethe opportunity to exchange viewsand thoughts where they receiveimmediate feedback from otherswhether or not they have success-fully communicated. In this way,they can negotiate meaning effec-tively. Having students involve inthe social networks are really goodsince they will be exposed to theauthentic communication and de-velop strategies for understandinglanguage as it is actually used. Thus,the communication becomes pur-poseful and meaningful. Teachers need to make sure that every students did their work. As using web 2.0, stu-dents might have access to it not only in the classroom context but it can be done anywhere atanytime as long as they have the internet access. However, it will be hard for the teacher tomonitor the student work as every task will be done online. It might be difficult for theteacher to have proper assessment on the students’ competency and understanding based onany task given to them.One way to overcome this issue is that teachers may set some rules to be followed bythe students. For instance, each student would have to post a blog at least once a week re-flecting on what they have learned. Meanwhile, punishment may also be used in order to makesure the students are up to date. For example, prepare a discipline sheet/board and make itvisible to everybody. If a student fails to complete the given task, one mark can be deductedfrom the student. Another way is to make use of merit demerit approach. The key point hereis DISCIPLINE. Teachers should know the appropriate strategies to handle with this matter.If a perfect ‘game plan’ for teacher is been done while the students utilize web 2.0 fully intheir learning process, this dilemma can be resolve. LEARNING THEORY : COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING  #1: How can I effectively keep the pupils up to date? EDUCATORS’ DILEMMA Due to some circumstances, some issues that might worry the teachers on implementingweb 2.0 in the lesson. We consider this as the educators’ dilemma as this might besome problems that might occur to be overcome by the teachers, somehow. WEBTOOLS 2.0 Page3    Inconclusion,web 2.0can be one of effectivetoolsin integrating ICT  in theprocess of learning.Pupils willgainthe benefits ofthisnewera of learning method as they willen joy themselves, not only interacting and commu-nicating through allof the listed applications buttheycan also improve their knowledge acquisition.Regardless ofany issue that might rise due to the im-plementation ofweb2.0 inteaching and learning context, these issuescan be overcomein  just a matter of time as studentsnowadayshad moreadvance in termsof connecting thisapplication withtheir learningprocess.T his new transition of learning,basedon the student-centered strategies, willeventu-ally promotingactive learners thatwill beresponsible on theirown learning process.Hence,along withother positive attitude towardslearning thatcan be ensured, by usingweb 2.0 canprovidemuch more meaningful learningamong the students.   Po n te  S a l v a t ico  CONCLUSION  #2: How can I increase relevance and interest in my subject matter? This can be done by take into consideration the students’ interest. No matter whatthe skills or topic you are teaching, teachers must take into consideration and include thethings that the students love. In short, use something which is authentic to them. By inte-grating their interest with technology, students will be motivated to learn. Besides, capital-ize on students' existing needs. Students learn best when incentives for learning in a class-room satisfy their own motives for attending school. Some of the needs your students mayhave are the need to get new experiences, the need to perfect skills, the need to overcomechallenges, the need to become competent, the need to succeed and do well and the need tofeel involved and to interact with other people. Satisfying such needs will help to sustainlearning more effectively. (Source: McMillan and Forsyth, 1991)   Farah Filzah .Fadli yana . Iz yan. Noor ArinaNadiah .Nur Hannim. Nur Ais yah. 
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