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September 2018 Volume 20 | Issue 04WASTE OR OPPORTUNITY – WHAT DO YOU SEE?15 4233IN THIS ISSUE Pg 6Pg 27INDUSTRY NEWSFILM &…
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September 2018 Volume 20 | Issue 04WASTE OR OPPORTUNITY – WHAT DO YOU SEE?15 4233IN THIS ISSUE Pg 6Pg 27INDUSTRY NEWSFILM & SHEETM&As in plastics are always big news butMaterials and processing news for film andrecently the headlines were dominated by ansheet production that caught our attention inacquisition that never happened – because forrecent weeks.Pg 10 COVER STORYPg 35 CAPS & CLOSURES Lightweight, attractive, child-proof, accessible. Caps and closures technology has a lot of criteria to meet, and we look at the innovatorsthe plastic waste game, laying bare just howleading the way.coming into focus, Vanden is optimistic aboutPg 42the opportunities.FAKUMAThere has never been a more crucial time forouting of Fakuma. We look at what lies in store.Pg 50world. We report back from EREMA’s DiscoveryEUREKAtechnology was on show.HEATING & COOLINGart & production robert woodadvertising head of media sales lisa montgomery lisa@rapidnews.comsubscriptions@rapidnews.com qualifying readers europe - free, ROW - £249 outside qualifying criteria £249 please subscribe online at www.eppm.comLEGO has kept its promise to invest in finding non-petroleum feedstocks for its colourful building blocks and has formed an excitingPg 22editorial editor rose brooke rose.brooke@rapidnews.comsubscriptionsFriedrichshafen yet again in 2018 for the latestrecycling machinery to make its mark on the Days, where some of the world’s best recyclingC.E.O. duncan woodtel: +44 (0) 1244 680222It’s back. EPPM makes the pilgrimage toRECYCLING MACHINERYTel. +44 (0) 1244 680222 Fax. +44 (0) 1244 671074 Web: www.eppm.comsenior sales executive david roberts david.roberts@rapidnews.commuch recycling of plastic products Europe isPg 13Carlton House, Sandpiper Way, Chester Business Park, Chester, CH4 9QE.productionChina’s National Sword legislation has changedreally doing. While the challenges are only nowhead officeassistant editor grace nolan grace.nolan@rapidnews.comthe first time the German government planned to veto a takeover by a Chinese company.Volume 20 Issue 04partnership with the Natural History Museum inAddress changes should be emailed to subscriptions@rapidnews.com European Plastic Product Manufacturer is published by Rapid Plastics Media Ltd. Each issue is distributed in print and digital format to 17,845 buyers and specifiers in the European plastic processing industry.London.© September 2018Leader in cooling technology for plasticsWhile every attempt has been made to ensure that the information contained within European Plastic Product Manufacturer is accurate, the publisher accepts no liability for information published in error, or for views expressed. All rights for European Plastic Product Manufacturer are reserved, and reproduction in part or whole without written permission is strictly prohibited.processing Frigel is our spotlight interview in this section, which looks at all sorts of temperature control technologies.BPA Worldwide MembershipWWW.EPPM.COM3Ultra Purge purging compounds deliver fast color changes. ™PURGING COMPOUND + MOULD MAINTENANCE PRODUCTS + RELEASE AGENTSOur Ultra Purge™ purging compounds for thermoplastic processing decrease scrap during colour changes and cleaning times, while meeting stringent environmental and process efficiency requirements. Watch our application video and learn how to noticeably increase your performance at www.chemtrend.com/purging1. Learn more about our Lusin® mould maintenance products at www.chemtrend.com/lusin mould maintenance products. Let us help you maximise your thermoplastics processing potential.VISIT CHEMTREND.COM OR ULTRAPURGE.COMFrom The EditorChina games From China pulling the rug out from under Europe, to Europe moving the goal posts against China, the rules of the game between Europe and the Asian superpower are changing. The Chinese economy has undergone a metamorphosis over the past decade, with a growing middle class dictating demand for better cars, better packaging – better lifestyles in general. With this change comes a sudden domestic availability of quality postconsumer polymers that never existed in high enough quantities before, making buying in post-consumer plastics from Europe and the rest of the world less necessary in order to ensure the production of marketable recycled plastic materials. And so – among other reasons – National Sword dictated the drawbridge be raised and incoming plastic waste left at the water’s edge. While China has been building up serious economic power, its influence across the world has snowballed with mergers and acquisitions, but unlike the celebrated, record-breaking acquisition of KraussMaffei in 2016 by ChemChina, now the governments of the world are watching China’s buying habits closely, and guarding their IP jealously. The Trump Administration in Washington DC made its point clear in 2016, that China is a threat to American prosperity and the US’s position at the top of the tree, and it seems Europe has gradually adopted a similarly protective stance. Germany’s veto of the Leifeld Metal Spinning buyout by Yantai Taihai Group was the first time the German government has vetoed a Chinese takeover of a German company and sets a new precedent for how large-scale M&A is viewed at decision-maker level. Our September issue begins with these stories in more detail, and it is important to look at them together, as we consider how Europe’s relationship with China might be changing, with both sides making new terms that have marked a change in direction. At the beginning of 2018, I was convinced that the war on plastics and the marine plastics backlash following Blue Planet II would be the biggest gamechanger in European plastics processing this year, but with hindsight I was wrong. China’s relationship with EuropeChina’s relationship with Europe will make the biggest immediate impactwill make the biggest immediate impact – both in terms of the implications of National Sword and the protection of IP and sales revenues that comes with a less favourable climate for Chinese investors and their deep pockets. Rose Brooke, EditorWWW.EPPM.COM5INDUSTRYDoes Leifeld buyout veto signal sea-change for business with China? The German government’s ground-breaking veto of a Chinese takeover bid of a machine tool manufacturer could spell the beginning of a new chapter for how the country does business with the Asian superpower. WORDS | Rose BrookeThe Chinese influence on the global plastics industry is considerable. Go to any trade show and the Chinese pavilion is ever-present - a buzzing hub of deal-making and purchasing – while China-headquartered Haitian casts a long shadow over the injection moulding machinery halls.As well as developing technology and enterprises domestically, the Chinese plastics industry’s strategy for growth is focused greatly on acquisition. KraussMaffei, one of Germany’s best-known plastics processing machinery giants, was bought by ChemChina for $1 billion (€925 million) in January 2016, breaking records at the time for a Chinese group’s acquisition of a German company. Boosted considerably by the KraussMaffei purchase, 2016 was a record-breaking year for industrial mergers and acquisitions for China, and included the takeover of Kuka by the Midea Group. In 2015, the country reached new highs for M&A with $677.5 billion invested, according to data from PwC, but this figure was smashed in the following 12 months, with $753.5 billion, dropping to $671.0 billion in 2017 – which is still nearly 50 per cent more than the $370.4 billion recorded in 2014. Industry, technology and materials are of significant interest to Chinese investors, spending $57.9 billion, $47.1 billion and $34.7 billion in M&A in these markets respectively in 2017, which were largely similar to the previous years’ data. One of the key differences was in 2017, there were fewer mega deals, while overseas regulators began to take a closer look at Chinese M&A, which in 2016 amounted to more than 2013 and 2014’s M&A investment combined. Germany shored up its measures to step in and prevent unwanted takeovers in July of last year, with 80 deals being explored since the government tightened its investigation of these purchases. The government’s decision to block the takeover of North Rhine-Westphalia-based Leifeld Metal Spinning by Yantai Taihai Group made global business headlines because it was the first time Germany had used these measures to veto the sale of a German company to a Chinese buyer on security grounds.6WWW.EPPM.COMThe decision follows a lengthy government review looking into the negative impact of the sale, concluding the purchase would ‘raise national security concerns’, in stark contrast to the Kuka takeover in 2016, which the Economic Ministry claimed did not pose a threat to “the security and the public order of Germany”. The company is a leading producer of metals for the automotive, aerospace and nuclear industries. Deputy Director at the Mercator Institute for Chinese Studies in Berlin was quoted as saying that “Germany is well aware of the threat” China poses in terms of its ambitions to lead the world in advanced manufacturing under its Made in China 2025 programme. Germany is following the likes of Canada, the UK and the US, where the Trump government’s manifesto has been unsentimental in its mission to pull the ladder up from China’s grasp.NOTABLE CHINESE PURCHASES OF GERMAN BUSINESSES ✪ 2012: Sany buys industrial pump manufacturer Putzmeister for €360 million ✪ 2016: Beijing Enterprises acquires EEW Energy for €1.4 billion ✪ 2016: China Three Gorges buys German offshore wind farm Meerwind for €1.6 billion ✪ 2016: ChemChina buys KraussMaffei for $1 billion ✪ 2016: Midea offers Kuka €115 per share, valuing the company at €4.4 billion ✪ 2017: HNA becomes largest shareholder in Deutsche BankCOMPEO The new BUSS compounder generation. Incredibly different.Head of Berlin’s DIW economic institute Marcel Fratzscher was quoted by Bloomberg as saying that blocking the Leifeld purchase was “probably the right move”. “You have to ask yourself why Chinese companies with no foothold in Europe are willing to pay so much more than other competitors to buy up these firms?”Brand-new! Uniquely efficient. Incredibly versatile. Amazingly flexible. COMPEO combines the performance and robustness of its predecessors in a single modular series. Designed for all application fields and temperature ranges. With a process window that is unparalleled. Want to know more about the COMPEO compounder‘s forward-looking features?  Visit our webseite and learn more …www.busscorp.comWWW.EPPM.COM7INDUSTRYThe sustainable sportswear race The plastics industry has been developing textiles and other materials for performance clothing and footwear from recycled plastics and bioplastics for years, but which big brands are investing in it? WORDS | Rose BrookeAfter years of recycled or bio feedstocks making their way steadily into the value chain without much fanfare, all of a sudden recycled and bioplastics are the brand booster to grab the attentions and the wallet of a new breed of eco-conscious consumer, who likes to tell a sustainability story with their consumer choices. We look in on four major high street sportswear retailers and how they’re harnessing more sustainable plastics to make top-of-the-range performance apparel in an increasingly competitive market.ney adidas by Stella McsurCpriasinrt has become the g that Stella McCartneys, activist roots, it is un s partnership with adida With her animal rights n designer. McCartney’ hio s, fas ean are Oc aw for ly y tal rle en Pa r ar with partne world’s most environm an plastics in its footwe . oce line of n hio use fas the a in ed ce ion which has champ s being given pride of pla es of sustainable plastic is one of the latest cas elling nature with 18 line in August chann 20 er int l/W Fal its ed ey launch vative fabrics including adidas by Stella McCartn e line includes eco-inno Th R’. WE PO RE MO = T ton. the slogan ‘LESS IMPAC L yarn and organic cot y’s Ocean Plastic, EONY vative recycled polyester, Parle are made with eco-inno of our footwear in FW18 rd see. thi to a nt d wa an l we are ce app en r time to be the differ It’s “More than half of ou . stic Pla ean Oc tio y’s such as Parle nch of the collec n. and recycled materials, ed McCartney at the lau lain exp .” do we all in more To act now and to mean d Nations in 2015, y for Oceans at the Unite rle Pa h wit e d sho s stic ocean pla filaments reclaimed an adidas launched its first tirely from strands and en de ma ng bei t par per with the prototype’s up ste. recycled from ocean waImage credit: adidas8WWW.EPPM.COMReebok Cotton + CornGlobal fitness brand Re ebok launched its Cotto n + Corn based mater initiative of sustainable ials commonly used tod products last year, bring ay. Second, when the ing footwear product made using plant-based hits the market we know bioplastics to market tha our consumers don’t wa t is more to sacrifice sustainably sourced, nt on how sneakers look equivalent in perform and perform. Finally, we ance, and care about compostable at end of wh at happens to the shoes life. when people are done with them. So we’ve foc The first Cotton + Corn used on plant-based ma trainer has just launch terials such as cor n and cotton at the beg ed onto the market. The shoe is ma inning, and compostabili de with an organic cot the ty in en d.” ton upper, and a polymer base ori ginating from industria llygrown corn. The initiative ha s been made possible thanks to Reebok’s partnership wit h DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products, developers of Susterra Image credit: Reebok propanediol – a petroleu m-free nontoxic bioplastic. “With Cotton + Corn we ’re focused on all three phases of the product lifecycle,” said Head of Reebok Future Bill McInnit. “First, with product dev elopment we’re using ma terials that grow and can be replen ished, rather than the petroleum-Image credit: H&MH&M Activeweart circular, closing ke its fashion 100 per cen H&M has pledged to ma the loop for textiles. h street retailer for the long run’, the hig Under the theme ‘In it bras, hoodies, of sports tights, sports launched a new range ers at the tom cus wear for its female training tops and yoga ’ amount ant min edo ‘pr a n pieces contai pany’s beginning of 2018. The com the and elastane reflecting of recycled polyester conscious fashion. commitment to creating s said: “By sportswear Petra Smead Head Designer of H&M aim is to the e, inin functional and fem bringing together the And not n. tio lec col rts spo , conscious give customers a stylish hnique tec g – we utilised a new knittin n or just through the fabrics yar s les ng garments while usi ng that creates seamless nki thi ble na tai sus h function wit fabric waste. Blending is the way forward.” and fashion in this wayNike GrindImage credit: NikeThe playfully-named Nik e Grind is a collective ter m for the materials one of the world’s best-loved trainer manufacturers is using in its sports sho and more. es Nike Grind materials are made using the compan y’s surplus manufacturing materials and athletic footwear, which is recycl ed and then repurpose into new footwear. Nike d grinds and recycles rub ber, polymer foam, fibre leather, vinyl and textile , materials that are the n incorporated into performance products ran ging from new Nike footwe ar and clothing, as well as into sports sur faces at sports facilities. Currently, Nike Grind is being used in 71 per cent of Nike footwe ar and clothing, while the company has diverted some 5 billion plastic bottles from landfill since 2012. The Nike Grind scheme extends further than jus t what’s brushed off the factory fl oor and its PET bottle col lections, as Nike encourages its cus tomers to drop off their old trainers at specific collec tion points to have the ir shoes recycled – giving performance sportswear what the brand calls ‘th e ultimate comeback’.WWW.EPPM.COM9COVER STORYDouble edged sword China’s National Sword ban on the import of non-industrial plastic waste from other countries was a watershed moment for plastics recycling and plastics processing in general in Europe. Not only would the decision to raise that particular drawbridge lay bare just how much plastic we are capable of recycling at home, but it would also shine the spotlight on government waste figures that have been effectively ‘greenwashed’.There are positives and negatives to National Sword. On the one hand, there’s new demand for a waste stream to channel the waste that was otherwise being sent to China for processing, leading to greater investment in and awareness of recycling technology in Europe. On the other, there is the realisation that plastic waste is being left in limbo as the recycling stream warms up to cope with the volume of materials to process – or worse, these materials are being shipped to other willing buyers who perhaps are not as closely regulated as China’s waste industry. The plastics industry has waded into this debate, as we, along with Vanden Recycling, look at the rubbish, and the opportunity the plastics industry and other stakeholders face as we square up to its sustainability, and solder the holes in the circular economy.What a load of rubbish WORDS | Rose BrookeNine months into China’s Operation National Sword ban on the import of waste into the country and the cracks are beginning to show.The University of Georgia has calculated the impact of the legislation and how that will impact the world’s plastics and recycling industries, with some 111 million tonnes of plastic waste being displaced between now and 2030 due to the ban. China and Hong Kong imported more than 72 per cent of all the world’s plastic waste, with high income countries of the Americas, Europe and Asia accounting for more than 85 per cent of all global waste exporters, while the European Union was the top exporter as a trade bloc. “We have relied on exporting plastic recycling to China for 20 years and now people do not know what is going to happen,” Simon Ellin, Chief Executive of the Recycling Association, was quoted by The Guardian as saying. China’s ban on importing plastics was always going to be a huge challenge for the international waste stream, with many fears that materials such as plastics that ought to be recycled would lose their valuable chemistry when they were sent to be incinerated. However, Managing Director at the Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants Ella Stengler told EPPM that hardly any more waste has been arriving at European incineration facilities, prompting fears the waste is being sold on to other countries in Asia and Africa where it is likely to be landfilled at poorly-regulated sites.This is worrying news for the ongoing War on Plastics, as Thailand and Vietnam are among the world’s top five ocean plastics dumpers, and the problem is only going to worsen as by 2025 it is projected that consumption of plastics in Asia will rise by some 80 per cent, surpassing 200 million tonnes. Closer to home, Poland has placed greater restrictions on accepting foreign waste in anticipation of more illegal imports coming into the central European country following the China ban. “Without bold new ideas and system-wide changes, even the relatively low current recycling rates will no longer be met, and our previously recycled materials could now end up in landfills,” said University of Georgia Associate Professor of Engineering Jenna Jambeck, who co-authored the aforementioned study. She added that it is hard to predict what will happen to the plastic once destined for China, where there is a lucrative plastics recycling market, but due to the rise of domestic consumption and falling quality of imported plastics, there is less need for plastic materials to be brought in for reprocessing. “Some of it could be diverted to other countr
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