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Евстафий (Тенгиз) Антелава: Кавказ и Россия.pdf

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В книге освещены вопросы российской колониальной политики – дискриминации, этнических чисток и геноцида на Северном кавказе в XVIII– начале XX в. Tом I, часть I (на грузинском языке)
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  estate (Tengizi) anTelava kavkasia da ruseTi tomi I nawili I ruseTis koloniuri politikis _ diskriminaciis eTnikuri wmendisa da genocidis istoriis sakiTxebi CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi XVIII-XX s. dasawyisSi Tbilisi 2007 naSromSi axal saarqivo masalebsa da pirvelwyaroebze dayrdnobiT Seswavlilia ruseTis politika kavkasiaSi, kerZod ruseTis koloniuri politikis _ diskriminaciis, eTnikuri wmendisa da genocidis istoriis sakiTxebi CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi XVIII saukunidan, vidre XX saukunis dasawyisamde. wignSi gansakuTrebuli yuradReba eTmoba ruseTis dampyrobluri politikis meTodebsa da xerxebs, romelTa analizi saSualebas gvaZlevs ukeT gaviazroT Tanamedrove rusuli politikis ZiriTadi mimarTulebebi. wigni gankuTvnilia specialistebisa da mkiTxvelTa farTo wrisaTvis. redaqtori: istoriis mecnierebaTa doqtori, profesori  vaxtang guruli recenzentebi: istoriis doqtori, asocirebuli profesori lia axalaZe istoriis doqtori, asocirebuli profesori  beJan xorava      (  )               I   I            –     ,                          VIII –        .   2007 vuZRvni Cemi Svilis _ mixeil (miSa) anTelavas naTel xsovnas    Sesavali winamdebare Sromis avtori grZnobs, rom kvlevis sagnad aRebuli periodi didi winaaRmdegobebiTa da tragikuli movlenebiT savse xanaa ruseTis imperiaSi Semavali erebisaTvis, gansakuTrebiT CrdiloeT kavkasiis xalxebisaTvis. ruseTis imperiis uaxloesi istoriis kvlevis sagnad aRebuli monakveTis Seswavla da gaSuqeba, miuxedavad imisa, rom amisTvis oficialuri SesaZleblobebi arsebobs, mainc garkveul siZneleebTan aris dakavSirebuli, radgan rusuli sazogadoebis garkveuli nawili, jer kidev didmpyrobeluri ideebis tyveobaSia da tragikulad aRiqvams Tavisi qveynis koloniuri politikis yovelgvar kritikas, warsulisa da Tanamedroveobis istoriis axleburad, obieqturad warmoCenas. aRsaniSnavia, rom ruseTis imperiam dedamiwis erT meeqvsed nawilze mcxovrebi xalxebi gamoTiSa damoukidebeli, demokratiuli ganviTarebis gzas. ruseTis koloniuri politikis istoriis obieqturi Seswavla-ganzogadeba didad Seuwyobs xels da daexmareba ara marto ruseTs, aramed yvela im qveyanas, romlebic ganTavisufldnen an, jer kidev imyofebian koloniuri reJimis qveS, momavali gzebis ganWvreta-gansazRvraSi, demokratiuli civilizebuli saxelmwifoebriobis damkvidrebaSi. aRniSnuli periodis Rrma da obieqturi analizi saSualebas iZleva Tavidan aviciloT warsulis Secdomebi da tragikuli movlenebi. Sromis avtori Seecada, politikuri mizandasaxulobis gareSe, qarTul istoriografiaSi Seetana Tavisi mokrZalebuli wvlili ruseTis istoriis problemur sakiTxebze. gaSuqebulia aRniSnuli Temis sakvanZo sakiTxebi, romlebic Tavis droze Tavsmoxveuli istoriuli koncefciebidan gamomdinare, miCqmaluli an gayalbebuli iyo. gamoqveynebuli da axali saarqivo dokumentebis, mecnieruli, politikuri, publicisturi, memuaruli, presisa da sxva wyaroebis kompleqsurad Seswavlis safuZvelze SevecadeT sruliad axleburad gagveSuqebina ruseTis koloniuri eqspansiis Taviseburebebi CrdiloeT kavkasiaSi, kazakebis roli mSvidobiani da samxedro kolonizaciis saqmeSi; mTielebisa da kazakebis social-politikuri da ekonomikuri mdgomareobis SedarebiTi analizi; mTieli xalxis erovnul-ganmaTavisuflebeli moZraobisa da saRvTo omis ZiriTadi arsi da amocanebi; mTieli xalxis brZolis meTodebi da Taviseburebebi da koloniuri politikis sxva sakiTxebi.    SevecadeT, qarTul istoriografiaSi pirvelad mTlianobaSi gveCvenebina da gagvekeTebina daskvna, rom ruseTis saxelmwifos ZiriTadi mizani iyo CrdiloeT kavkasiis `gawmenda~ mTielebisagan diskriminaciuli, aparteiduli , masobrivi eTnowmendis, terorisa da genocidis politikis ganuxreli ganxorcielebis gziT. avtors, aRniSnulis dasamtkiceblad mohyavs Semzaravi utyuari istoriuli dokumentebi da masalebi. axleburadaa gaSuqebuli ruseTis xelisuflebis politikuri kursi, romelic iTvaliswinebda erTi mxriv mTielTa da meore mxriv kazakebsa da mTielTa Soris erovnuli SuRlis gaRvivebasa da SeiaraRebuli konfliqtebis provocirebas, raTa ar daeSva antikoloniuri, antirusuli Zalebis gaerTianeba. saTanado dokumenturi masalebis analizis safuZvelze, qarTul istoriografiaSi pirveladaa gakeTebuli, mTielebisa da kolonizatorTa social-politikuri da ekonomikuri mdgomareobis SedarebiTi analizi, sadac dasabuTebulia, rom mTielTa cxovrebis ekonomikuri safuZvlis moSla, masobrivi devna da sayovelTao diskriminacia xorcieldeboda xelisuflebis umaRlesi organoebis uSualo miTiTebebiTa da xelmZRvanelobiT. koloniuri administracia, samxedro eqspediciebis meSveobiT, anadgurebda mTielTa aulebs, mosavals, saqonels, Cexavda baR-venaxebs; cocxlad darCenil mTielebs Zalismieri meTodebiT mTidan barSi erToblivad asaxlebda, saidanac maT unebarTvod gamosvlis ufleba akrZaluli hqondaT da imyofebodnen mkacri samxedro-policiuri meTvalyureobis qveS. faqtobrivad, mTielebi rezervaciebSi imyofebodnen. kaspiis zRvis kunZuli CeCen mTielTa sakoncentracio banakad iqca; CeCnebs Tavis qveyanaSi Tavisufali gadaadgilebis ufleba ar hqondaT. Cvens mier pirvelad gakeTda daskvna, rom ruseTis saxelmwifo mTielebs winaswarganzraxviT uqmnida cxovrebis iseT pirobebs, romelic gamiznuli iyo maTi mTliani an nawilobrivi fizikuri mospobisaTvis. miuxedavad imisa, rom ruseTis saxelmwifos mier mTieli xalxis mimarT umZimesi danaSaulis Cadenidan gasulia sakmaod didi dro, mas xandazmulobis araviTari vada ar mieyeneba. vfiqrobT, interesmoklebuli ar iqneba, Tu SevaxsenebT Cvens mkiTxvelebs, rom jer kidev 1946 w. 11 dekembers gaeros generalurma asambleam miiRo rezolucia, sadac genocidi miCneulia saerTaSoriso normebis darRvevad da gamocxadebulia danaSaulad. 1948 w. 9 dekembers gaerom miiRo konvencia genocidis danaSaulis
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